Advertisement

Using High-Fidelity Physical Simulations of the Environment to Evaluate Risk Factors for Slips and Falls in the Mining Industry

  • Mahiyar NasarwanjiEmail author
  • Jonisha Pollard
  • Lydia Kocher
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 780)

Abstract

The shoe-floor interface is a key element in preventing slips and falls. The design of footwear and the floor surface should be considered to ensure worker safety. Testing various floor surface materials and boots in a real-world setting would impose unnecessary risk to participants and limit the extent of testing possible. Hence, two examples of high-fidelity physical simulation—an inclined grated metal walkway and a grated metal stairway—were built to evaluate risk factors for slips and falls associated with various walkway materials and boots with metatarsal guards. This paper discusses details and findings of the two studies. Also discussed are the advantages and disadvantages of using physical simulations of the environments, including decreased risk for participants and large space requirements for the experiment. Findings of the research can help select appropriate floor surface materials and boots for the mining industry and inform the use of future high-fidelity physical simulations.

Keywords

Physical simulation Inclined walkway Boots Slip Fall Mining 

References

  1. 1.
    Simeonov, P., Hsiao, H., Powers, J., Ammons, D., Kau, T., Amendola, A.: Postural stability effects of random vibration at the feet of construction workers in simulated elevation. Appl. Ergon. 42(5), 672–681 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Simeonov, P., Hsiao, H., Dotson, B.W., Ammons, D.: Height effects in real and virtual environments. Hum. Factors 47(2), 430–438 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cleworth, T.W., Horslen, B.C., Carpenter, M.G.: Influence of real and virtual heights on standing balance. Gait Posture 36, 172–176 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang, S., Liu, Y., Hoerter, M., Moreland, J., Page, G., Krotov, Y., Crites, S., Zhou, C.: Development of a safety training simulator for fall protection. In: AISTech-Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, United States, vol. 1, pp. 45–50, 8–11 May 2017Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bloswick, D.S., Chaffin, D.B.: An ergonomic analysis of the ladder climbing activity. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 6(1), 17–27 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pliner, E.M., Beschorner, K.: Effects of ladder climbing patterns on fall severity. Proc. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. Annu. Meet. 61(1), 940–944 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pliner, E.M., Campbell-Kyureghyan, N.H., Beschorner, K.E.: Effects of foot placement, hand positioning, age and climbing biodynamics on ladder slip outcomes. Ergonomics 57(11), 1739–1749 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schnorenberg, A.J., Campbell-Kyureghyan, N.H., Beschorner, K.E.: Biomechanical response to ladder slipping events: effects of hand placement. J. Biomech. 48(14), 3810–3815 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hanson, J.P., Redfern, M.S., Mazumdar, M.: Predicting slips and falls considering required and available friction. Ergonomics 42(12), 1619–1633 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lockhart, T.E., Woldstad, J.C., Smith, J.L.: Effects of age-related gait changes on the biomechanics of slips and falls. Ergonomics 46(12), 1136–1160 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chiou, S.S., Turner, N., Weaver, D.L., Haskell, W.E.: Effect of boot weight and sole flexibility on gait and physiological responses of firefighters in stepping over obstacles. Hum. Factors 54(3), 373–386 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cikajlo, I., Matjacic, Z.: The influence of boot stiffness on gait kinematics and kinetics during stance phase. Ergonomics 50, 2171–2182 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gronqvist, R.: Mechanisms of friction and assessment of slip resistance of new and used footwear soles on contaminated floors. Ergonomics 38(2), 224–241 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pollard, J.P., Heberger, J.R., Dempsey, P.G.: Slip potential for commonly used grated metal walkways. IIE Trans. Occup. Ergon. Hum. Factors 3(2), 115–126 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pollard, J.P., Merrill, J., Nasarwanji, M.F.: Metatarsal boot safety when ascending stairs. In: IIE Annual Conference Proceedings, pp. 2064–2068 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature (outside the USA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahiyar Nasarwanji
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jonisha Pollard
    • 1
  • Lydia Kocher
    • 1
  1. 1.Pittsburgh Mining Research DivisionNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)PittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations