Kurdish Garden as an Example for Middle East Botanical Garden: New Approach and Aspect

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 788)


Botanical Garden (B.G) is becoming a multi-purpose garden in contrast to traditional gardens or parks. However, it’s almost absent in whole Middle East countries so far. The landscape study for this project is a necessary need at the moment to create, improve and recreate botanical gardens in Kurdistan. Hawler Botanical Garden (H.B.G), with various landscape designs involves samples of almost all known gardens of the world. However, Kurdish garden will be forwarded for the first time and scientifically will be studied. Kurdish gardens will be the guide line for any progress in this aspect. Any way throughout the present project natural Kurdistan gardens will be considered in contrast to other gardens of other parts of the world. One must refer to that, the goal of Hawler Botanical garden will be to establish a Kurdistan flora, Kurdish Garden, Kurdish national herbarium and seed bank all of which are not exist so far.


Kurdish garden Botanical garden Urban planning 



We would like to acknowledge and thank Poznan University of Technology in Poland and Hawler Botanical Garden (H.B.G.) as well as the Government of Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan for their assistance and financial support for this project.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of ArchitecturePoznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland
  2. 2.Horticulture Department, College of AgricultureUniversity of Salahaddin-ErbilErbilIraq
  3. 3.Hawler Botanical Garden Erbil GovernmentErbilIraq

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