Relationship Between Technique for Curving or Shaping Stems in Ikebana and the Characteristics of Floral Materials

  • Yuki IkenoboEmail author
  • Norihito Yamaguchi
  • Akihiko Goto
  • Hiroyuki Hamada
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 793)


When arranging the shoka style of Ikenobo ikebana, the hands are used to curve or shape stems in composing an ideal form based on the essential character of plants. Tools such as wire or tape are not used. A great variety of floral material is used in arranging, however, making it difficult to select an appropriate bending or shaping technique suited to the character of each material. 14 kinds of floral material often used in ikebana lessons were tested in a bending experiment to determine the mechanical characteristics of each material. Further, questionnaires were given to experienced ikebana students to examine correlation between subjective evaluation of the ease of curving or shaping stems, and mechanical characteristics of the floral materials. As a result of the bending experiment, we found that rapid decrease of load caused hard or brittle breaking of stems, and that floral materials with high coefficients of elasticity were judged by students as being difficult to shape or curve. On the other hand, materials showing gradual decrease of load showed softer or more pliable breakage, and materials with low coefficients of elasticity were judged by students as being more easily shaped or curved.


Ikenobo Ikebana Shoka Bending strength Elastic modulus Brittle fracture Fracture toughness 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuki Ikenobo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Norihito Yamaguchi
    • 1
  • Akihiko Goto
    • 2
  • Hiroyuki Hamada
    • 3
  1. 1.IkenoboKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Information Systems Engineering, Faculty of Design TechnologyOsaka Sangyo UniversityOsakaJapan
  3. 3.Kyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan

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