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Mouthparts of Bloodsuckers and Their Ability to Transmit Agents of Diseases

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Part of the Parasitology Research Monographs book series (Parasitology Res. Monogr., volume 10)

Abstract

Many arthropods (mites, ticks, insects) that parasitize at the surface of vertebrates of humans by sucking blood or lymph often get into contact with inhabiting agents of disease that may lead to severe diseases or even to death of their hosts, if transmitted during the next bloodsucking act. These various agents of disease (e.g., prions, viruses, bacteria, protozoans, or worms) may be transmitted by simple transition by the help of contaminated mouthparts or after a permanently running reproduction inside the saliva or intestinal fluids of the aggressors. The present chapter lists different pathways and modes of transmission reaching from simple contacts to body fluids to development and use of sophisticated mouthparts that may besides their food uptake functions inject peculiar agents of diseases at definite sites (e.g., directly into blood vessels, into dermal tissues, etc.).

Keywords

Transmission Agents of disease Adaptations of mouthparts Viruses Parasites Bacteria Fungi Diseases 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ParasitologyHeinrich Heine UniversityDüesseldorfGermany

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