An Observer for a Class of Incommensurate Fractional Order Systems

  • Rafael Martínez-GuerraEmail author
  • Claudia Alejandra Pérez-Pinacho
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


The main contribution in this chapter is to show a new observer for the synchronization problem in partially known nonlinear incommensurate fractional-order systems, we propose a novel technique using the master–slave synchronization scheme for estimating the unknown state variables based on a new IFAO property. As far as we know in the literature, this class of estimation scheme has not been used in incommensurate fractional-order systems.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Martínez-Guerra
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claudia Alejandra Pérez-Pinacho
    • 1
  1. 1.Automatic ControlCINVESTAV-IPNMexico CityMexico

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