Informing the Design of Fighter Aircraft Cockpits Using a Teamwork Perspective
- 1.6k Downloads
We describe a research process where fighter pilots’ behaviors were investigated from a teamwork perspective and the findings conveyed to the designers of cockpit interfaces in order to improve the fighter aircraft system. The teamwork perspective was selected because fighter aircraft are complex systems that require an advanced and trained pilot, who also, in addition to managing the aircraft systems needs to be a team player, collaborating with team members during dynamic and fast-paced circumstances to achieve the mission goals. A generic theoretical model for effective teamwork was selected as a starting point and a survey was conducted in order to investigate how fighter pilots collaborate during missions. The teamwork model and the survey results were then presented at workshops with designers of cockpit interfaces participating. The focus on the workshops was pilot teamwork and several design ideas aiming at improving the system for collaboration were generated.
KeywordsTeamwork Fighter pilots System design
This research was funded by NFFP (National Aviation Research Programme, NFFP6-2013-01201), which is founded by VINNOVA (Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems), the Swedish Armed Forces and the Swedish Defence Material Administration. The authors also like to thank Saab AB and the University of Skövde for supporting the project.
- 1.Ohlander, U., et al.: Understanding team effectiveness in a tactical air unit. In: Engineering Psychology & Cognitive Ergonomics, HCII 2015. Springer, Los Angeles (2015)Google Scholar
- 2.Ohlander, U., et al.: Elements of team effectiveness: a qualitative study with pilots. In: CogSIMA. IEEE, San Diego (2016)Google Scholar
- 3.Ohlander, U., et al.: A teamwork model for fighter pilots. In: Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2016 Held as Part of HCI International 2016. Springer, Toronto (2016)Google Scholar
- 4.Castor, M.: The use of structural equation modeling to describe the effect of operator functional state on air-to-air engagement outcomes. In: Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Linköping (2009)Google Scholar
- 5.Gozum, R.M.: An air force guide to team building. In: Department of the Air Force. Air Force Institute of Technology: Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH (1995)Google Scholar
- 6.Ohlander, U., et al.: User participation in the design of cockpit interfaces. In: AHFE 2016 International Conference on Ergonomics Modeling, Usability & Special Populations. Springer, Orlando (2016)Google Scholar
- 8.Mathieu, J.E., et al.: Team effectiveness 1997–2007: a review of recent advancements and a glimpse into the future. J. Manag. 34(3), 410–476 (2008)Google Scholar
- 10.Kozlowski, S.W.J.: Advancing research on team process dynamics: theoretical, methodological, and measurement considerations. Organ. Psychol. Rev. 5(4), 270–299 (2015)Google Scholar
- 11.Salas, E., et al.: Fostering team effectiveness in organizations: toward an integrative theoretical framework of team performance. In: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln (2007)Google Scholar
- 12.Orngreen, R., Levinsen, K.: Workshops as a research methodology. Electron. J. e-Learn. 15(1), 70–81 (2017)Google Scholar
- 13.Alfredson, J., Andersson, R.: Designing for human factors in the technology-intensive domain of fighter aircraft. Int. J. Aviat. Technol. Eng. Manag. 1(2), 1–16 (2013)Google Scholar