Tactical Surface Metering Procedures and Information Needs for Charlotte Douglas International Airport

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 786)


NASA has been working with the Federal Aviation Administration and aviation industry partners to develop and demonstrate new concepts and technologies that integrate arrival, departure, and surface traffic management capabilities. In the fall of 2017, NASA began deployment of their technologies in a phased manner to assist with the integrated surface and airspace operations at Charlotte Douglas International Airport (Charlotte, NC). Initial technologies included a tactical surface metering tool and data exchange elements between the airline-controlled ramp and Federal Aviation Administration controlled Air Traffic Control Tower. In this paper, we focus on the procedures associated with the tactical surface metering tool used in the ramp control tower. This tool was first calibrated in Human-In-the-Loop simulations and was further developed when it was used in the operational world. This paper describes the collaborative procedures that the users exercised in their respective operational worlds to enable surface metering and how several metrics were used to improve the metering algorithm.


Human factors Surface metering Collaborative Decision Making 


  1. 1.
    Stroiney, S., Levy, B., Khadilkar, H., Balakrishnan, H.: Assessing the impacts of the JFK ground management program. In: 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), Syracuse, NY, October 2013Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jung, Y., Malik, W., Tobias, L., Gupta, G., Hoang, T., et al.: Performance evaluation of SARDA: an individual aircraft-based advisory concept for surface management. Air Traffic Control Q. 22(3), 195–221 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hayashi, M., Hoang, T., Jung, Y., Malik, M., Lee, H., et al.: Evaluation of pushback decision-support tool concept for Charlotte Douglas International Airport ramp operations. In: 11th USA/Europe Air Traffic Management R&D Seminar (ATM2015), Lisbon, Portugal, 23–26 June 2015 (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jung, Y., Engelland, S., Capps, A., Coppenbarger, R., Hooey, B., Sharma, S., Stevens, L., Verma, S., Lohr, G., Chevalley, E., Dulchinos, V., Malik, W., Ruszkowski, L.: Airspace Technology Demonstration 2 (ATD-2) Phase 1 Concept of Use (ConUse). NASA/TM-2018-219770, February 2018 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Engelland, S., Capps, A., Day, K., Kistler, M., Gaither, F., et al.: Precision departure release capability (PDRC) final report. NASA/TM-2013-216533, June 2013Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Thipphavong, J., Jung, J., Swenson, H., Witzberger, K., Martin, L., et al.: Evaluation of the controller-managed spacing tools, flight-deck Interval management and terminal area metering capabilities for the ATM technology demonstration #1. In: 10th USA/Europe ATM R&D Seminar (ATM2013), Chicago, Illinois, 10–13 June 2013 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    FAA Air Traffic Organization Surface Operations Directorate, U.S. Airport Surface Collaborative Decision Making Concept of Operations (ConOps) in the Near-Term: Application of the Surface Concept at United States Airports, July 2013Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Verma, S., Lee, H., Martin, L., Stevens, L., Jung, Y., Dulchinos, V., Chevalley, E., Jobe, K., Parke, B., et al.: Evaluation of a tactical surface metering tool for Charlotte Douglas International Airport via human-in-the-loop simulation. In: 36th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), St. Petersburg, FL, October 2017Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Fast Facts and Aviation Activity Reports, April 2017.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature (outside the USA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA
  2. 2.USRA, NASA Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA
  3. 3.Mosaic ATMLeesburgUSA
  4. 4.NASA Ames Research CenterSan Jose State UniversityMoffett FieldUSA

Personalised recommendations