Monitoring and Control of Vehicles’ Carbon Emissions
Machine-to-machine communication, known as Internet of Things (IoT), allows machines to connect using variety of sensors and devices. Thus, feedbacks to govern energy, agriculture, transportation and environment are able to be obtained. The IoT provides opportunity not only for creation of new businesses and investments, but for reduction of carbon emissions. It enables production of highly automated and connected vehicles that change the global automotive market. Following the current IoT trends, this paper proposes a solution for real-time monitoring of vehicles and control of carbon emissions, called EcoLogic. The EcoLogic is composed of hardware module and several applications providing cloud services. The hardware module is based on Arduino and Raspberry Pi embedded systems and measures several physical parameters by sensors or extracts them from the onboard diagnostic system of the vehicle for further analysis. The cloud applications process the incoming data, store it into a SAP HANA database and analyze it to provide feedback and control of carbon emissions.
KeywordsClustering Internet of Things Reduction of carbon emissions Sensor data processing
The authors acknowledge the financial support by the National Scientific Fund, Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science within the project no. DN02/11 and project no. DN12/9, and by the Scientific Fund of Sofia University within project no. 80-10-162/25.04.2018.
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