Advertisement

Social Innovation and Sustainable Economic Development: Participatory Tourism Destination Management

  • Aida CiroEmail author
  • Merita Toska
  • Peter Nientied
Chapter
  • 249 Downloads
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)

Abstract

This chapter addresses the role of bottom up innovation to support sustainable local development, in particular in local tourism development as a priority sector for economic development in Western Balkan countries. The case study presented in this chapter is about social innovation for sustainable tourism in a small town in Albania, namely Gramsh. As the findings suggest, sustainable tourism can be developed in peripheral territories with typical problems like high rate of unemployment, lack of infrastructure, emigration, lack of investments, and rather weak local government. Bottom up driven tourism innovation strengthens the endogenous development potential. Such an approach fosters local identity formation and self-identification of the citizens with their own territory and local resources. It is studied through the social network theory, analysing the processes of community organisation aimed at tourism destination development and promotion. The local authority should augment such processes through the provision of the necessary strategic framework, including a shared vision, in order to harvest all benefits. The experiment in Gramsh can now be further elaborated into a model that other small towns can adopt too. As a reflection on literature, this case study provides much needed empirical indications on doing sustainable tourism in the Western Balkans. In a context of the at times over-optimistic or rather critical literature on sustainable tourism, such empirical results should be a welcome contribution.

Keywords

Social innovation Local development Sustainable tourism Social networks Community participation Participatory processes Destination management 

References

  1. Aall C (2014) Sustainable tourism in practice: promoting or perverting the quest for a sustainable development? Sustainability 6(5):2562–2583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angelevska-Najdeska K (2012) Planning of sustainable tourism development. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 44:2010–2020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beyer M (2014) Tourism planning in development cooperation: a handbook. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), BonnGoogle Scholar
  4. Boka M, Torluccio G (2013) Informal economy in Albania. Acad J Interdiscip Stud 2(8):212–221Google Scholar
  5. Conway S, Steward F (2009) Managing and shaping innovation. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Costa C, Brandão F (2011) Tourism Innovation through effective public participation: a sustainable approach. In: International Tourism Sustainability Conference 2011 “Embracing social and environmental change: the influence and role of tourism” 21–24 September. University of Technology of MauritiusGoogle Scholar
  7. European Union (2006) Sustainable tourism as a factor of cohesion among European regions. CoR Studies, Brussels E-6/2006Google Scholar
  8. Getz D (2008) Event tourism: definition, evolution and research. Tour Manag 29:403–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hjalager AM (2010) A review of innovation research in tourism. Tour Manag 31(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kline S, Rosenberg N (1986) An overview of innovation. In: Landau R, Rosenberg N (eds) The positive sum strategy: harnessing technology for economic growth. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp 275–304Google Scholar
  11. McKercher B, Prideaux B (2014) Academic myths of tourism. Ann Tour Res 46:16–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Medina L, Schneider F (2018) Shadow economies around the world: what did we learn over the last 20 years? International Monetary Fund Working PaperGoogle Scholar
  13. Moulaert F, MacCallum D, Mehmood A, Hamdouch H (2013) The international handbook on social innovation. Collective action, social learning and transdisciplinary research. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar PubCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nientied P, Karafili E (2016) Towards a pragmatic perspective on business innovation in Western Balkan countries: the case of Albania. Int J Business Manag 3(11):193–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nientied P, Ciro A, Porfido E (2018) Sustainable tourism development in Albania in times of liquid modernity. In: Proceedings international workshop: enhancing sustainable tourism in Adriatic-Ionian region through co-creation. Macerata, Italy, 15–16 September 2016Google Scholar
  16. Pan B, Crotts JC (2012) Theoretical models of social media. In: Sigala M, Christou E, Gretzel U (eds) Social media in travel, tourism and hospitality: theory, practice and cases. Ashgate, Surrey, pp 73–86Google Scholar
  17. Phills J, Deiglmeier K, Miller DT (2008) Rediscovering social innovation. Stanf Soc Innov Rev 6(4):34–43Google Scholar
  18. Rodríguez A (2009) Social innovation for neighbourhood revitalization: a case of empowered participation and integrative dynamics in Spain. In: MacCallum D, Moulaert F, Hillier J, Vicari Haddock S (eds) Social innovation and territorial development. Ashgate, Farnham, pp 81–100Google Scholar
  19. Singh T (ed) (2017) Challenges in tourism research. Channel View Publications, ClevedonGoogle Scholar
  20. Tidd J, Bessant J (2013) Managing innovation: integrating technological, market and organizational change. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  21. Tony D, Epstein M, Shelton R (2012) Making innovation work, how to manage it, measure it, and profit from it. Pearson FT Press, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  22. UNWTO (2013) Sustainable tourism for development guidebook. UNWTO, MadridGoogle Scholar
  23. Van Dyck B, Van den Broeck P (2013) Social innovation: a territorial process. In: Moulaert F, MacCallum D, Mehmood A, Abdelillah A (eds) The international handbook on social innovation. Collective action, social learning, and transdisciplinary research. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 131–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. World Travel & Tourism Council (2016) Travel & tourism economic impact 2017. LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. World Travel & Tourism Council (2017) Travel & tourism economic impact 2017. LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Territorial Governance and Development, Permanent Workshop on Territorial Governance/Co-PLANInstitute for Habitat Development/POLIS UniversityTiranaAlbania
  2. 2.Department of Urban and Regional Governance and Development, Permanent Workshop on Territorial Governance/Co-PLANInstitute for Habitat Development/POLIS UniversityTiranaAlbania
  3. 3.Co-Plan Institute for Habitat DevelopmentPOLIS UniversityTiranaAlbania
  4. 4.Institute for Housing and Urban Development StudiesErasmus UniversityRotterdamNetherlands

Personalised recommendations