A Fully Integrated and Digitally Assisted BiCMOS Transmitter for a 10-Gbps Wireless Link in the E-Band

  • David del RioEmail author
  • Ainhoa Rezola
  • Juan F. Sevillano
  • Igone Velez
  • Roc Berenguer
Part of the Analog Circuits and Signal Processing book series (ACSP)


In previous chapters of this book, design considerations and examples of different building blocks (I/Q up-converters, mixers, power amplifiers, power detectors, etc.) of mmW wideband transmitters for multi-Gbps and spectrally efficient communications have been given, as well as different methods to evaluate and compensate for the front-end imperfections in order to maximize the performance of the communication link. In this chapter, design considerations for the mmW transmitter itself will be provided, which consist of a combination of the aforementioned blocks. As in previous chapters, such considerations will be explained using an example: a wideband and high-linearity E-band transmitter [1], which is integrated using a state-of-the-art 55-nm BiCMOS process from STMicroelectronics  [2].


  1. 1.
    D. del Rio, I. Gurutzeaga, A. Rezola, J.F. Sevillano, I. Velez, S.E. Gunnarsson, N. Tamir, C.E. Saavedra, J.L. Gonzalez-Jimenez, A. Siligaris, C. Dehos, R. Berenguer, A wideband and high-linearity E-B and transmitter integrated in a 55-nm SiGe technology for backhaul point-to-point 10-Gb/s links. IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 65(8), 2990–3001 (2017), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  2. 2.
    P. Chevalier, G. Avenier, G. Ribes, A. Montagné, E. Canderle, D. Céli, N. Derrier, C. Deglise, C. Durand, T. Quémerais, M. Buczko, D. Gloria, O. Robin, S. Petitdidier, Y. Campidelli, F. Abbate, M. Gros- Jean, L. Berthier, J. D. Chapon, F. Leverd, C. Jenny, C. Richard, O. Gourhant, C. De-Buttet, R. Beneyton, P. Maury, S. Joblot, L. Favennec, M. Guillermet, P. Brun, K. Courouble, K. Haxaire, G. Imbert, E. Gourvest, J. Cossalter, O. Saxod, C. Tavernier, F. Foussadier, B. Ramadout, R. Bianchini, C. Julien, D. Ney, J. Rosa, S. Haendler, Y. Carminati, B. Borot, A 55 nm triple gate oxide 9 metal layers SiGe BiCMOS technology featuring 320 GHz fT/ 370 GHz fMAX HBT and High-Q Millimeter-Wave Passives, in 2014 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) (2014), pp. 3.9.1–3.9.3,
  3. 3.
    Radio frequency channel arrangements for fixed service systems operating in the bands 71–76 GHz AND 81–86 GHz (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Radio-frequency channel and block arrangements for fixed wireless systems operating in the 71–76 and 81–86 GHz bands (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Levinger, R.B. Yishay, O. Katz, B. Sheinman, N. Mazor, R. Carmon, D. Elad, High-performance E-Band transceiver chipset for point-to-point communication in SiGe BiCMOS technology. IEEE Trans. Microwa. Theory Tech. 64 (4), 1078–1087 (2016), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  6. 6.
    D. Zhao, P. Reynaert, A 3 Gb/s 64-QAME-band direct-conversion transmitter in 40-nm CMOS, in IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference (A-SSCC) (2014), pp. 177–180, 014.7008889
  7. 7.
    S. Trotta, G. Sapone, R.W. Jungmaier, A. Chakraborty, J.S. Bal, H. Knapp, H.P. Forstner, I. Nasr, M. Wojinowski, E. Seler, M.P. Mousavi, D. Malsam, A V and E-band packaged direct-conversion transceiver chipset for mobile backhaul application in SiGe technology, in 44th European Microwave Conference (EuMC) (2014), pp. 1655–1658,
  8. 8.
    Waveguide Harmonic Mixers, Technical Overview, 5990-7718EN, Keysight Technologies (2014) [Online], Available:
  9. 9.
    Agilent PSA Series Spectrum Analyzers, 5980-1284E, Keysight Technologies (2013) [Online], Available:
  10. 10.
    Fixed Radio Systems; Characteristics and requirements for point-to- point equipment and antennas; Part 2: Digital systems operating in frequency bands from 1 GHz to 86 GHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    PPC-10G-HP series 10 Gigabit Ethernet MM-wave link, ELVA-1 [Online], Available:
  12. 12.
    D. Zhao, P. Reynaert, An E-band power amplifier with broadband parallel-series power combiner in 40-nm CMOS, IEEE Trans. Microwa. Theory Tech. 63(2), 683–690 (2015), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  13. 13.
    I. Sarkas, S.T. Nicolson, A. Tomkins, E. Laskin, P. Chevalier, B. Sautreuil, S.P. Voinigescu, An 18-Gb/s, direct QPSK modulation SiGe BiCMOS transceiver for last mile links in the 70–80 GHz band, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(10), 1968–1980 (2010), ISSN: 0018-9200,
  14. 14.
    V. Dyadyuk, J.D. Bunton, J. Pathikulangara, R. Kendall, O. Sevimli, L. Stokes, D.A. Abbott, A multigigabit millimeter-wave communication system with improved spectral efficiency, IEEE Trans. Microwa. Theory Tech. 55(12), 2813–2821 (2007), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  15. 15.
    S. Shahramian, Y. Baeyens, Y.-k. Chen, A 70–100 GHz directconversion transmitter and receiver phased array chipset in 0.18 um SiGe BiCMOS technology, in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC) (2012), pp. 123–126,
  16. 16.
    W.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Yang, J.-H. Tsai, T.-W. Huang, H.Wang, 1024-QAM high image rejection E -band sub-harmonic IQ modulator and transmitter in 65-nm CMOS process, IEEE Trans. Microwa. Theory Tech. 61(11), 3974–3985 (2013), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  17. 17.
    J. Antes, I. Kallfass, Performance estimation for broadband multi-gigabit millimeter- and sub-millimeter-wave wireless communication links, IEEE Trans. Microwa. Theory Tech, 63(10), 3288–3299 (2015), ISSN: 0018-9480,
  18. 18.
    M.-S. Kang, B.-S. Kim, K.S. Kim, W.-J. Byun, H.C. Park, 16- QAM-based highly spectral-efficient e-band communication system with bit rate up to 10 Gbps, ETRI J. 34(5), 649–654 (2012), ISSN: 1225-6463,
  19. 19.
    J. Chen, Z. He, L. Bao, C. Svensson, Y. Li, S. Gunnarsson, C. Stoij, H. Zirath, 10 Gbps 16QAM transmission over a 70/80 GHz (Eband) radio test-bed, in7th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference (EuMIC) (2012), pp. 556–559Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David del Rio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ainhoa Rezola
    • 1
  • Juan F. Sevillano
    • 1
  • Igone Velez
    • 1
  • Roc Berenguer
    • 2
  1. 1.Ceit-IK4 Technology CenterDonostiaSpain
  2. 2.Tecnun-University of NavarraDonostiaSpain

Personalised recommendations