REBT and Positive Psychology

  • Aurora Szentagotai-TătarEmail author
  • Diana-Mirela Cândea
  • Daniel O. David


The nature of happiness and the good life have preoccupied people for millennia and the idea that what matters is not just to live, but to live well has been central to both Eastern and Western philosophical thought (Kesebir & Diener, 2008). In psychology, interest in this topic can be traced back to the origins of the field itself, in William James’ writings about “healthy mindedness “(James, 1902; Linley, Joseph, Harrington, & Wood, 2006). Human flourishing was also a fundamental issue for the humanistic movement (Huta, 2013). However, the systematic empirical study of the conditions and processes that lead to flourishing and well-being is related to the emergence positive psychology, at the end of the 1990s (Gable & Haidt, 2005).


REBT Positive psychology Happiness Well-being Rational beliefs Irrational beliefs Functional emotions Dysfunctional emotions 


  1. Addis, J., & Bernard, M. E. (2002). Marital adjustment and irrational beliefs. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 2(1), 3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashdown, D. M., & Berbard, M. E. (2012). Can explicit instruction in social and emotional learning skills benefit the social-emotional development, well-being and academic achievement of young children? Early Childhood Education Journal, 39(6), 397–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bardi, A., Guerra, V. M., & Ramdeny, G. S. D. (2009). Openness and ambiguity intolerance: Their differential relations to well-being in the context of academic life transition. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(3), 219–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berman, J. Z., & Small, D. A. (2012). Self-interest without selfishness: The hedonic benefit of imposed self-interest. Psychological Science, 23(10), 1193–1999.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bernard, M. E. (2011). Rationality and the pursuit of happiness. The legacy of Albert Ellis. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  6. Bernard, M. E., Froh, J. J., DiGiuseppe, R., Joyce, M. R., & Dryden, W. (2010). Albert Ellis: Unsung hero of positive psychology. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(4), 302–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bernard, M. E., & Walton, K. (2011). The effect of you can do it! Education in six schools on student perceptions of wellbeing, teaching, learning, and relationships. Journal of Student Wellbeing, 5(1), 22–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brown, S. L., Nesse, R. M., Vinokur, A. D., & Smith, D. M. (2003). Providing social support may be more beneficial than receiving it: Results from a prospective study of mortality. Psychological Science, 14(4), 320–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown, W. M., Consedine, N. S., & Magai, C. (2005). Altruism relates to health in an ethnically diverse sample of older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 60(3), 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Caserta, D. A., Dowd, E. T., David, D., & Ellis, A. (2010). Rational and irrational beliefs in primary prevention and mental health. In D. David, S. J. Lynn, & A. Ellis (Eds.), Rational and irrational beliefs. Research, theory and clinical practice (pp. 173–194). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Chamberlain, J. M., & Haaga, D. A. F. (2001). Unconditional self-acceptance and psychological health. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 19(3), 163–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ciarrochi, J. (2004). Relationship between dysfunctional beliefs and positive and negative indices of well-being: A critical evaluation of the common beliefs survey-III. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 22(3), 171–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dana, J., Weber, R. A., & Xi Kuang, J. (2005). Exploiting moral wiggle room: Experiments demonstrating and illusory preference for fairness. Economic Theory, 33(1), 67–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. David, D. (2003). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT): The view of a cognitive psychologist. In W. Dryden (Ed.), Rational emotive behaviour therapy: Theoretical developments (pp. 130–159). London, UK: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. David, D., Coteţ, C., Matu, S., Mogoaşe, C., & Ştefan, S. (2017). 50 years of rational-emotive and cognitive-behavioral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology.
  16. David, D., Schnur, J., & Belloiu, A. (2002). Another search for “hot” cognitions: Appraisal, irrational beliefs, attributions, and their relation to emotion. Journal of Rational Emotive & Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 20(2), 93–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. David, D., Szentágotai, A., Kállay, E., & Macavei, B. (2005). A synopsis of Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT); fundamental and applied research. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23(3), 175–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Davies, M. F. (2006). Irrational beliefs and unconditional self-acceptance. I. Correlational evidence linking the key features of REBT. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24(2), 113–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Davis, M. A. (2009). Understanding the relationship between mood and creativity. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 108, 25–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542–575.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Diener, E., & Emmons, R. A. (1984). The independence of positive and negative affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47(5), 1105–1117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Diener, E., Napa Scollon, C., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). The evolving concept of subjective well-being: The multifaceted nature of happiness. Advances in Cell Aging and Gerontology, 15, 187–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Diener, E., Sandvik, E., & Pavot, W. (1991). Happiness is the frequency, not the intensity, of positive versus negative affect. In F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective. International series in experimental social psychology (pp. 119–139). Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  24. DiGiuseppe, R., & Tafrate, R. C. (2007). Understanding anger disorder. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Dryden, W. (2002). Fundamentals of rational emotive behaviour therapy. London, UK: Whurr Publishers Ltd.Google Scholar
  26. Dryden, W., David, D., & Ellis, A. (2010). Rational emotive behavior therapy. In K. S. Dobson (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (pp. 226–276). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  27. Dryden, W., & Neenan, M. (2004). The rational emotive behavioural approach to therapeutic change. London, UK: Sage Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  28. Ellis, A. (1962). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York, NY: L. Stuart.Google Scholar
  29. Ellis, A. (1973). Humanistic psychotherapy: The rational emotive approach. New York, NY: Crown & McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  30. Ellis, A. (1976). RET abolishes most of the human ego. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 13(4), 343–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ellis, A. (1984). The essence of RET. Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 2(1), 19–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ellis, A. (1994). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Birch Lane Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ellis, A. (1995). How to stubbornly refuse to make yourself miserable about anything – yes, anything. Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart.Google Scholar
  34. Ellis, A. (1997). Extending the goals of behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 28(3), 333–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ellis, A. (1999). How to make yourself happy and remarkably less disturbable. Atascadero, CA: Impact Publishers.Google Scholar
  36. Ellis, A. (2003). Differentiating preferential from exaggerated and musturbatory beliefs in rational emotive behavior therapy. In W. Dryden (Ed.), Rational emotive behaviour therapy: Theoretical developments (pp. 22–34). New York, NY: Brunner Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Ellis, A. (2005). Can rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) resolve their differences and be integrated? Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23(2), 153–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ellis, A., & Becker, I. (1982). A guide to personal happiness. North Hollywood, CA: Wilshire Books.Google Scholar
  39. Ellis, A., & Bernard, M. E. (1985). What is rational-emotive therapy (RET)? In A. Ellis & M. E. Bernard (Eds.), Clinical applications of rational-emotive therapy (pp. 1–30). New York, NY: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ellis, A., & DiGiuseppe, R. (1993). Are inappropriate or dysfunctional feelings in rational-emotive therapy qualitative or quantitative? Cognitive Therapy & Research, 17(5), 471–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ellis, A., & Dryden, W. (1997). The practice of rational emotive behavior therapy (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  42. Ellis, A., & Harper, R. A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. North Hollywood, CA: Wilshire Books.Google Scholar
  43. Ellis, A., & Robb, H. (1994). Acceptance in rational-emotive therapy. In S. C. Hayes, N. S. Jacobson, V. M. Folette, & M. J. Dougher (Eds.), Acceptance and change: Content and context in psychotherapy (pp. 13–32). Reno, NV: Context Press.Google Scholar
  44. Flett, G. L., Besser, A., Davis, R. A., & Hewitt, P. (2003). Dimensions of perfectionism, unconditional self-acceptance, and depression. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 21(2), 119–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ford, B. Q., Shallcross, A. J., Mauss, I. B., Floerke, V. A., & Gruber, J. (2014). Desperately seeking happiness: Valuing happiness is associated with symptoms and diagnosis of depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(10), 890–905.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 300–319.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Fredrickson, B. L., & Joiner, T. (2002). Positive emotions trigger upward spirals toward emotional well-being. Psychological Science, 13(2), 172–175.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Fredrickson, B. L., & Losada, M. F. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60(7), 678–686.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 103–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Garnefski, N., Van Den Kommer, T., Kraaij, V., Teerds, J., Legerstee, J., & Onstein, E. (2002). The relationship between cognitive emotion strategies and emotional problems: Comparison between a clinical and a non-clinical sample. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), 403–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gentes, E. L., & Meron Ruscio, A. (2011). A meta-analysis of the relation of intolerance of uncertainty to symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(6), 923–933.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gruber, J., Mauss, I. B., & Tamir, M. (2011). A dark side of happiness? How, when and why happiness is not always good. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 222–233.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Huta, V. (2013). Eudaimonia. In S. A. David, I. Boniwell, & A. Conley Ayers (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of happiness (pp. 201–214). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Huta, V., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). Pursuing pleasure or virtue: The differential and overlapping Well-being benefits of hedonic and eudaimonic motives. Journal of Happiness Studies, 11(6), 735–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. James, W. (1902). The varieties of religious experience: A study in human nature. New York, NY: Longman, Green.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Johnson, S. L. (2005). Mania and dysregulation in goal pursuit: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(2), 241–262.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kashdan, T. B. (2010). Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of human health. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 865–878.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kesebir, P., & Diener, E. (2008). In pursuit of happiness: Empirical answers to philosophical questions. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(2), 117–125.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Keyes, C. L. M., Shmotkin, D., & Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing well-being: The empirical encounter of two traditions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 1007–1022.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. King, L. A., Richards, J. H., & Stemmerich, E. (1998). Daily goals, life goals and worst fears: Means, ends, and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 66(5), 713–744.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Koerner, N., & Dugas, M. J. (2008). An investigation of appraisals in individuals vulnerable to excessive worry: The role of intolerance of uncertainty. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32(5), 619–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kuppens, P., Realo, A., & Diener, E. (2008). The role of positive and negative emotions in life satisfaction judgment across nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(1), 66–75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Linley, P. A., Joseph, S., Harrington, S., & Wood, A. M. (2006). Positive psychology: Past, present, and (possible) future. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(1), 3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). The how of happiness: A scientific approach to getting the life you want. New York, NY: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  65. Lyubomirsky, S., Dickerhoof, R., Boehm, J. K., & Sheldon, K. M. (2011). Becoming happier takes both a will and a proper way: An experimental longitudinal intervention to boost well-being. Emotion, 11(2), 391–402.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change. Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 111–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. MacInnes, D. (2004). The theories underpinning rational emotive behaviour therapy. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 41(6), 685–695.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. MacInnes, D. L. (2006). Self-esteem and self-acceptance: an examination into their relationship and their effect on psychological health. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 13(5), 483–489.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Maddux, J. (2002). “Stopping the madness”. Positive psychology and the deconstruction of the illness ideology and the DSM. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 13–25). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Martin, R. C., & Dahlen, E. R. (2005). Cognitive emotion regulation in the prediction of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(7), 1249–1260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Maslow, A. H. (1950). Self-actualizing people: A study of psychological health. In W. Wolff (Ed.), Personality symposia: symposium 1 on values (pp. 11–34). New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  72. Maslow, A. H. (1973). Self-actualizing people: A study of psychological health. In R. J. Lowry (Ed.), Dominance, self-esteem, self-actualization: Germinal papers of A. H. Maslow (pp. 177–201). Monterey, CA: Brookes/Cole (Original work published in 1950).Google Scholar
  73. Mauss, I. B., Savino, N. S., Anderson, C. L., Weisbuch, M., Tamir, M., & Laudenslager, M. L. (2012). The pursuit of happiness can be lonely. Emotion, 12(5), 908–912.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Mauss, I. B., Tamir, M., Anderson, C. L., & Savino, N. S. (2011). Can seeking happiness make people happy? Paradoxical effects of valuing happiness. Emotion, 11(4), 807–815.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. McEvoy, P. M., & Mahoney, A. E. J. (2012). To be sure, to be sure: Intolerance of uncertainty mediates symptoms of various anxiety disorders and depression. Behavior Therapy, 43(3), 533–545.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Möller, A. T., & De Beer, Z. C. (1998). Irrational beliefs and marital conflict. Psychological Reports, 82(1), 155–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Möller, A. T., Rabe, H. M., & Nortje, C. (2001). Dysfunctional beliefs and marital conflict in distressed and non-distressed married individuals. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 19(4), 259–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Oltean, H. R., & David, D. (2018). A meta-analysis of the relation between rational beliefs and psychological distress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74, 883–895.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Peterson, C., Park, N., & Seligman, M. P. E. (2005). Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction: The full life versus the empty life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 6(1), 25–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Peterson, C., Ruch, W., Beernann, U., Park, N., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2007). Strengths of character, orientations to happiness, and life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(3), 149–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Rogers, C. R. (1961). On becoming a person. London, UK: Constable.Google Scholar
  82. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141–166.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H. (2006). Know thyself and become what you are: A eudaimonic approach to psychological well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(1), 13–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Schooler, J. W., Ariely, D., & Loewenstein, G. (2003). The pursuit and assessment of happiness may be self-defeating. In J. Carillo & I. Brocas (Eds.), The psychology of economic decisions (pp. 41–70). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  85. Schwartz, C., Meisenhelder, J. B., Ma, Y., & Reed, G. (2003). Altruistic social interest behaviors are associated with better mental health. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(5), 778–785.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to maximize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  87. Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  88. Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology. An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Shannon, H. D., & Allen, T. W. (1998). The effectiveness of a REBT training program in increasing the performance of high school students in mathematics. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 16(3), 197–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Sheldon, K. M., Abad, N., Ferguson, Y., Gunz, A., Houser-Marko, L., Nichols, C. P., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2010). Persistent pursuit of need-satisfying goals leads to increased happiness: A 6-month experimental longitudinal study. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Sheldon, K. M., & Elliot, A. J. (1999). Goal striving, need satisfaction, and longitudinal wellbeing: The self-concordance model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(3), 482–497.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Sheldon, K. M., & Houser-Marko, L. (2001). Self-concordance, goal attainment and the pursuit of happiness: Can there be an upward spiral? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(1), 152–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Sheldon, K. M., & King, L. (2001). Why positive psychology is necessary. American Psychologist, 56(3), 216–217.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being: It's both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(4), 475–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Șoflău, R., & David, D. (2017). A meta-analytical approach of the relationship between the irrationality of beliefs and the functionality of automatic thoughts. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41, 178–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Stuewig, J., Tangney, J. P., Heigel, C., Harty, L., & McCloskey, L. (2010). Shaming, blaming and maiming: Functional links among the moral emotions, externalization of blame and aggression. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(1), 91–102.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Szentágotai, A., & David, D. (2013). Self-acceptance and happiness. In M. Bernard (Ed.), The strength of self-acceptance (pp. 121–137). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Szentágotai, A., & Jones, J. (2010). The behavioral consequences of irrational beliefs. In D. David, S. J. Lynn, & A. Ellis (Eds.), Rational and irrational beliefs. Research, theory and clinical practice (pp. 75–97). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  99. Szentágotai-Tătar, A., & Miu, A. C. (2016). Individual differences in emotion regulation, childhood trauma and proneness to shame and guilt in adolescence. PLoS One, 11(11), e0167299. Scholar
  100. Tracy, J. L., Cheng, J. T., Robins, R. W., & Trzesniewski, K. H. (2009). Authentic and hubristic pride: The affective core of self-esteem and narcissism. Self and Identity, 8, 196–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Tracy, J. L., & Robins, R. W. (2004). Putting the self into self-conscious emotions: A theoretical model. Psychological Inquiry, 15(2), 103–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Tracy, J. L., & Robins, R. W. (2007). The psychological structure of pride: A tale of two facets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(3), 506–525.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Vella-Brodrick, D. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2008). Three ways to be happy: Pleasure, engagement and meaning - Findings from Australian and US samples. Social Indicators Research, 90, 165–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Vîslă, A., Flückiger, C., grosse Holtforth, M., & David, D. (2015). Irrational beliefs and psychological distress: A meta-analysis. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 8–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Waterman, A. S. (1993). Two conceptions of happiness: Contrasts of personal expressiveness (eudaimonia) and hedonic enjoyment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(4), 678–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Weinrach, S. G., DiGiuseppe, R., Wolfe, J., Ellis, A., Bernard, M. E., Dryden, W., et al. (2006). Rational emotive behavior therapy after Ellis: Predictions for the future. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24(4), 199–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Wicker, F. W., Brown, G., Hagen, A. S., Boring, W., & Wiehe, J. A. (1990). Interactions of irrational beliefs with goal pursuit. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 8(3), 147–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Yook, K., Kim, K.-H., Suh, S. Y., & Lee, K. S. (2010). Intolerance of uncertainty, worry, and rumination in major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(6), 623–628.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Ziegler, D. J. (2003). The concept of psychological health in rational emotive behavior therapy. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 21(1), 21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurora Szentagotai-Tătar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Diana-Mirela Cândea
    • 1
  • Daniel O. David
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Department of Oncological SciencesIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations