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Healthcare Transformation: The Electronic Health Record

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Abstract

  Computer-based information technology (IT) is used in many industries to help people and organizations collect and analyze data more effectively. Health policy makers in the U.S. hoped that more effective and ubiquitous IT could generate similar efficiencies in the health care industry producing the dual miracles of strengthening health care quality while also reducing health care delivery costs. The digital version of the traditional patient chart, the electronic health record (EHR), is the heart of the IT systems designed to transform health care. While EHR systems have limitations, they are essential tools for storing information and facilitating communication among health care providers. Health care providers must understand this technology to use it effectively and also contribute to its ongoing evolution.

Keywords

  • Electronic health record (EHR)
  • Health information exchange (HIE)
  • Health information technology (HIT)
  • Digital transformation
  • Computer system implementation

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Fig. 7.1

Notes

  1. 1.

    We use the acronym HCP to represent both medical and behavioral healthcare providers.

  2. 2.

    For a discussion of the application of these ideas in a healthcare setting, see Quality improvement: Boon or boondoggle? By Paterson, Mary A., Wendel, Jeanne, Hospital Topics, 00185868, Fall94, Vol. 72, Issue 4.

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Edberg, D., Wendel, J. (2018). Healthcare Transformation: The Electronic Health Record. In: Duckworth, M., O'Donohue, W. (eds) Behavioral Medicine and Integrated Care. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93003-9_7

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