Advertisement

Mostar Through Time: Staging and Scripting in the City

  • Susan FordeEmail author
Chapter
  • 145 Downloads
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Abstract

Beginning with a brief reflection on the topography and ancient history of Mostar, this chapter discusses historical spatial transformation in the city. The chapter provides a historical context of the city through Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian occupation up to the post-conflict time period. The chapter looks at the city across space and time, and discusses large scale spatial transformation in Mostar. It introduces participant narratives of movement during the 1992–1995 war and then focuses in on the post-conflict staging of the city as divided through the staging of the Dayton Agreement

Keywords

Mostar History Rescripting Restaging Space 

Bibliography

  1. Alda. (2016). Elect Mostar. Balkan Regional Platform for Youth Participation and Dialogue. European Association for Local Democracy. Available from: http://www.alda-balkan-youth.eu/News/elect-mostar-97928. Accessed 15 Dec 2016.
  2. Alibašić, A. (2014). Bosnia and Herzegovina. In J. Cesari (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of European Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Annexe to the Dayton Agreement. (1995). Dayton Agreement on Implementing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dayton: Annex to the Dayton Agreement. Available from: http://www.peaceagreements.org/wview/2/Dayton+Agreement+on+Implementing+the+Federation+of+Bosnia+and+Herzegovina,+Dayton. Accessed 10 July 2015.
  4. Annan, K. (2005, July 11). Secretary-General Statement on Srebrenica Anniversary Ceremony. SG/SM/9993. Available from: https://www.un.org/press/en/2005/sgsm9993.doc.htm. Accessed Jan 2018.
  5. Architecture Week. (2004). Stari Most—Mostar Reconnection. Architecture Week No. 203. Available from: http://www.architectureweek.com/2004/0804/news_1-2.html. Accessed 20 Jan 2014.
  6. Ashdown, P. (2004). Statute of the City of Mostar. Available from: https://www.mostar.ba/statut-181.html. Accessed Dec 2016.
  7. Bar-Tal, D. (2013). Intractable Conflicts: Socio-Psychological Foundations and Dynamics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Behram, M. (2015, October 13). Rats Infest Bosnia’s Mostar Amid Political Deadlock. Balkan Insight. Available from: http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/political-divisions-bring-health-hazards-to-southern-bosnian-city-10-12-2015. Accessed 20 Nov 2016.
  9. Boyle, M. J. (2014). Violence After War: Explaining Instability in Post-conflict States. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Björkdahl, A. (2015). ‘Two Schools Under One Roof’ Unification in the Divided City of Mostar. In A. Björkdahl & L. Strömbom (Eds.), Divided Cities, Governing Diversity. Lund: Nordic Academic Press.Google Scholar
  11. Björkdahl, A., & Gusic, I. (2016). Sites of Friction: Governance, Identity and Space in Mostar. In A. Björkdahl, K. Höglund, G. Millar, J. V. D. Lijn, & W. Verkoren (Eds.), Peacebuilding and Friction: Global and Local Encounters in Post Conflict-Societies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Bollens, S. A. (2007). Cities, Nationalism and Democratisation. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Bose, S. (2002). Bosnia After Dayton: Nationalist Partition and International Intervention. London: C. Hurst & Co.Google Scholar
  14. Bosnia-Herzegovina Council of Ministers. (2004). Council of Europe, Report Submitted by Bosnia-Herzegovina Pursuant to Article 25, Paragraph 1 of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. Available from: https://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/minorities/3_FCNMdocs/PDF_1st_SR_BiH_en.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb 2014.
  15. Calame, J., & Charlesworth, E. (2011). Divided Cities: Belfast, Beirut, Jerusalem. Mostar and Nicosia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  16. Calame, J., & Pašić, A. (2009). Post-conflict Reconstruction in Mostar: Cart Before the Horse (Divided Cities/Contested States Working Paper. No. 7). Available from: http://www.conflictincities.org/PDFs/WorkingPaper7_26.3.09.pdf. Accessed 20 June 2014.
  17. Carabelli, G. (2018). The Divided City and the Grassroots: The (Un)making of Ethnic Divisions in Mostar. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chandler, D. (2000). Bosnia: Faking Democracy After Dayton. London and Sterling, VA: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  19. Chandler, D. (2006). Peace Without Politics? Ten Years of International State-building in Bosnia. Abington and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Djurasovic, A. (2016). Ideology, Political Transitions and the City: The Case of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Abington, Oxon and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Domin, T. (2001a). History of Bosnia and Herzegovina. SFOR Informer #148 (Chapter 5). Available from: http://www.nato.int/sfor/indexinf/148/p04a/t02p04a.htm. Accessed 15 Apr 2014.
  22. Domin, T. (2001b). History of Bosnia and Herzegovina. SFOR Informer #149 (Chapter 6). Available from: http://www.nato.int/sfor/indexinf/149/p04a/t02p04a.htm. Accessed 15 Apr 2014.
  23. Drakulić, S. (1993, December 13). Falling Down: A Mostar Bridge Elegy. The New Republic. Available from: http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/logbrowse.pl?trx=vx&list=h-islamart&month=0811&week=b&msg=ltVciwbhxCCxvN1//tgsag&user=&pw=. Accessed 20 June 2016.
  24. EUAM. (1996). Special Report No 2/96 Concerning the Accounts of the Administrator and the European Union Administration, Mostar (EUAM) Accompanied by the Replies of the Commission and the Administrator of Mostar. Official Journal C 287, 30/09/1996 P. 0001–0021. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31996Y0930(01. Accessed 20 Aug 2016.
  25. Forde, S. (2016). The Bridge on the Neretva: Stari Most as a Stage of Memory in Post-conflict Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina. Cooperation and Conflict, 51(4). Available from: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0010836716652430. Accessed 16 Dec 2016.
  26. Galtung, J. (1990, August). Cultural Violence. Journal of Peace Research, 27(3). Available from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/423472. Accessed June 2017.
  27. Geohegan, P. (2014). Welcome to Brčko, Europe’s only Free City and a Law Unto Itself. The Guardian. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/may/14/brcko-bosnia-europe-only-free-city. Accessed Dec 2017.
  28. Hill, C., & Smith, K. E. (2002). European Foreign Policy: Key Documents. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hobsbawm, E. (2012). Introduction: Inventing Traditions. In E. Hobsbawm & T. Ranger (Eds.), The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Human Rights Watch. (1995). The Fall of Srebrenica and the Failure of UN Peacekeeping, Bosnia Herzegovina (Vol. 7, No. 13). Available from: https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/bosnia1095web.pdf. Accessed 20 Nov 2016.
  31. Implementation Force (IFOR). (1998). The Rome Statement Reflecting the Work of the Joint Civilian Commission Sarajevo Compliance Conference. Available from: http://www.nato.int/ifor/general/d960218d.htm. Accessed 28 Apr 2015.
  32. International Crisis Group. (2000, April 19). Reunifying Mostar: Opportunities for Progress (Europe Report No. 90, ICG Balkans Report No. 90).Google Scholar
  33. International Crisis Group. (2003, November 20). Building Bridges in Mostar. ICG Europe Report no. 150. Available from: http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/europe/150_building_bridges_mostar.pdf. Accessed 20 June 2016.
  34. International Crisis Group. (2014, July 10). Bosnia’s Future. Europe Report No. 232. Available from: https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/bosnia-s-future.pdf. Accessed 20 Sept 2016.
  35. Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. (2013, December 31). Bosnia and Herzegovina: Internal displacement in Brief. Available from: http://www.internal-displacement.org/europe-the-caucasus-and-central-asia/bosnia-and-herzegovina/summary. Accessed Dec 2017.
  36. Inzko, V. (2010, June 10). Speech by HR on the Closure of OHR Mostar. Available from: http://www.ohr.int/?p=34433. Accessed 25 Sept 2016.
  37. Inzko, V. (2012, April 12). Mostar: Time for Compromise. Available from: http://www.ohr.int/?p=32831. Accessed 20 Sept 2016.
  38. Kappler, S. (2014). Local Agency and Peacebuilding: EU and International Engagement in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus and South Africa. Re-Thinking Peace and Conflict Studies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  39. Keil, S. & Perry, V. (2016). Introduction: State-Building and Democratisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In S. Kiel & V. Perry (Eds.), State-Building and Democratisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Surrey and Burlington: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Kim, J. (2006). Bosnia and the European Union Military Force (EUFOR): Post-NATO Peacekeeping. Available from: https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21774.pdf. Accessed 21 Sept 2016.
  41. Lovrenović, I. (2001). Bosnia: A Cultural History. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Malcolm, N. (2002). Bosnia: A Short History. Kent: Papermac.Google Scholar
  43. OHR. (2005, July 12). OHR’s Statement at the International Agencies’ Joint Press Conference I Mostar. Available from: http://www.ohr.int/?p=42287. Accessed 24 Sept. 2016.
  44. OHR. (2016, October 21). 50th Report of the High Representative for Implementation of the Peace Agreement on Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Available from: http://www.ohr.int/?p=96473. Accessed 21 Nov 2016.
  45. OKC Abrašević. (2016). About Abrašević. Available from: http://okcabrasevic.org/o-abrasevicu/. Accessed Nov 2016.
  46. Palmberger, M. (2016). How Generations Remember: Conflicting Histories and Shared Memories in Post-War Bosnia Herzegovina. Global Diversities. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pamuk, Ş. (2000). A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Participant K. (2015). Interview in Mostar.Google Scholar
  49. Participant C. (2015). Interview in Mostar.Google Scholar
  50. Pašić, A. (2004). Conservation and Revitalisation of Historic Mostar. Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme, p. 5. Available at: http://archnet.org/system/publications/contents/3480/original/DPC1419.pdf?1384775278. Accessed 3 Jan 2014.
  51. Perry, V. (2006). Democratic Ends, (Un)Democratic Means? Reflections on Democratisation in Brcko and Bosnia-Herzegovina. In M. A. Innes (Ed.), Bosnia Security After Dayton: New Perspectives. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  52. Petrovic, J. (2012). The Old Bridge of Mostar and Increasing Respect for Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  53. Radio Sarajevo. (2016). Local Elections: Elections Are for Mostar: In the City on the Neretva Still Vote. Available from: http://www.radiosarajevo.ba/vijesti/bosna-i-hercegovina/izbori-se-za-mostar-u-gradu-na-neretvi-ipak-glasaju/239891. Accessed 15 Dec 2016.
  54. Ravn, B. (1997). Bridge Over Troubled Waters. SFOR Informer No. 11. May 28th. Available from: http://www.nato.int/sfor/engineers/mostarbridge/introduction/introduc.htm. Accessed 20 Dec 2013.
  55. Red Bull. (2018). Cliff Diving World Series: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Available from: https://www.redbull.com/us-en/events/red-bull-cliff-diving-bosnia. Accessed Apr 2018.
  56. Riedlmayer, A. (2002). From the Ashes: The Past and Future of Bosnia’s Cultural Heritage. In M. Shatzmiller (Ed.), Islam and Bosnia: Conflict Resolution and Foreign Policy in Multi-Ethnic States. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Said, E. W. (1979). Orientalism. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  58. Said, E. W (2000). Invention, Memory, and Place. Critical Inquiry, 26(2). Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1344120?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents. Accessed 20 June 2015.
  59. Šavija-Valha, N. (2017). Raja: The Ironic Subject of Everyday Life in Sarajevo. In S. Jansen, Č. Brković, & V. Čelebičić (Eds.), Negotiating Social Relations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Semi-peripheral Entanglements. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  60. Selimovic, J. M. (2016). Frictional Commemoration: Local Agency and Cosmopolitan Politics at Memorial Sites in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda. In A. Björkdahl, K. Höglund, G. Millar, J. V. D. Lijn, & W. Verkoren (Eds.), Peacebuilding and Friction: Global and Local Encounters in Post Conflict—Societies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  61. Siani-Davies, P. (2004). International Intervention in the Balkans Since 1995. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Spanish Square protestor (2015). Informal Conversation.Google Scholar
  63. Stone, P. G., & Bajjaly, J. F. (2008). The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer.Google Scholar
  64. Todorova, M. (1997). Imagining the Balkans. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Todorova, M. (2009). Imagining the Balkans. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  66. UN. (1995). General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina. November 30th. Available from: http://peacemaker.un.org/sites/peacemaker.un.org/files/BA_951121_DaytonAgreement.pdf. Accessed July 2015.
  67. UNESCO. (2005, July 15). The Old Bridge Area of the City of Mostar. World Heritage Scanned Nomination. Available from: http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/946rev.pdf. Accessed 14 June 2014.
  68. UNESCO. (2013). Introducing UNESCO. Available from: http://en.unesco.org/about-us/introducing-unesco. Accessed 2 Jan 2014.
  69. UNESCO. (2016). Tangible Cultural Heritage. Available from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/cairo/culture/tangible-cultural-heritage/. Accessed Dec 2016.
  70. Velikonja, M. (2003). Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.Google Scholar
  71. Vetters, L. (2013). The Power of Administrative Categories: Emerging Notions of Citizenship in the Divided City of Mostar. In S. Stroschein (Ed.), Governance in Ethnically Mixed Cities. Cornwall: Routledge.Google Scholar
  72. Willigen, N. V. (2013). Peacebuilding and International Administration: The Cases of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  73. Winterstein, N. (2003). Commission for Reforming the City of Mostar (Recommendations of the Commission Report of the Chairman). Available from: http://www.ohr.int/archive/report-mostar/pdf/Reforming%20Mostar-Report%20(EN).pdf. Accessed 20 June 2015.
  74. Yarwood, J. R., Seebacher, A., Strufe, N., & Wolfram, H. (1999). Rebuilding Mostar: Urban Reconstruction in a War Zone. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.Google Scholar
  75. Živanović, M. (2015). Discrimination: From Construction to Deconstruction an Essay on the Prospects of Reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina 20 years after Dayton. In M. Fisher & O. Simic (Eds.), Transitional Justice and Reconciliation: Lessons from the Balkans. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PoliticsUniversity of YorkYorkUK

Personalised recommendations