The Bigger Picture: Implications for ‘Engendering’ CSR, De-responsibilization and Re-responsibilization



In this concluding chapter, Andrews first provides some modest direction in terms of what characteristics a gendered reconstitution of CSR might embrace. The idea of ‘engendering’ CSR is based on the discussion in Chapter  4 and is primarily drawn from women respondents’ own self-identified notions of how to make things better. Secondly, Andrews reflects on the role of the state in an era of responsibilization, with an understanding that the process of responsibilization is rooted in social relations and practices that leave subjects wanting more. For instance, the patronage and dependency that the CSR discourse creates, repeats itself in a vicious cycle that serves the interest of some stakeholders at the detriment of others. Andrews, therefore, examines ways to re-responsibilize the state while de-responsibilizing the corporation to undermine its enactment as pseudo-government.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Global and International StudiesUniversity of Northern British ColumbiaPrince GeorgeCanada

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