Relocation of Economic Activity Within Major Metropolitan Areas in Poland—Scale and Key Characteristics

  • Magdalena DejEmail author
  • Wojciech Jarczewski
  • Michał Chlebicki


Company relocation processes are a very complex field, with a major impact on economy on a local, regional and global scale. On the local scale, company relocation occurs very often across major metropolitan areas. Research on this subject has been conducted both in Western Europe and the USA for several decades now, yet studies in this area in Central and Eastern Europe are limited. The current study focuses on company relocation in major metropolitan areas in Poland in the years 2001–2013. The objective of the article is, therefore, to describe the processes of relocation of business entities in five Polish metropolitan areas from the point of view of the characteristics of the companies relocating. The considered characteristics include company age, its size and type of business. The question of the distance of the relocation is also considered. Our research has confirmed findings noted by researchers in the Netherlands and the USA in terms of companies’ decision to relocate depending on tenure and size, as well as sectors that tend to be most mobile. At the same time, our study prompts new questions which need to be answered by advanced research in the future. Particularly important is the question of the economic consequences of relocation processes, at both a local and a broader, regional level. It is therefore essential to carry out further in-depth research.



The chapter was written as part of a research project financed by Poland’s National Science Centre: The processes of relocation and spatial expansion of business in metropolitan areas, SONATA grant competition no. 192273, grant period 2012–2017.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magdalena Dej
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wojciech Jarczewski
    • 1
  • Michał Chlebicki
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute for Spatial Policy and HousingKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Faculty of Philosophy and SociologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

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