Delocalisation of Enterprises: Qualitative and Quantitative Effects on the Labour Market

  • Ewa MałuszyńskaEmail author


Impelled by ever more rapid changes in today’s global, national, regional and local markets, enterprises are under constant pressure to adjust and adapt to changing conditions and circumstances. This process, commonly referred to as corporate restructuring, plays out across many dimensions, including the geographical, which involves changes in preferred locations, ultimately prompting companies to migrate and relocate. Any type of restructuring may result in the loss of some or all jobs. One particularly sensitive issue is having entire or parts of companies move to another region or country ravaging the local labour force in the process. The problem was discussed in the so-called old EU member states during its biggest enlargement in 2004. Fears and anxieties over jobs which companies, and especially large transnationals, transferred to the “new” EU member states became commonplace in surveys and statements presented in economic, social and political forums. Against this background, it has become vital to answer the following three frequently asked questions: (1) What is corporate delocalisation and how does it relate to enterprise migrations, relocations, offshoring and outsourcing? (2) What methods are available for estimating the impact of delocalisation abroad on employment? (3) How does delocalisation impact upon the labour market in the countries from which businesses are moving to other locations?


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Poznań University of Economics and BusinessPoznańPoland

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