Influence of Rebound Effect on Energy Saving in Smart Homes
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The rebound effect refers to the increase in energy use resulting from reduced energy costs and improved energy efficiency. This study proves that the rebound effect exists in smart homes and measures the size of rebound effect through two experiments. Results show that when electricity bills decreased and electricity use suggestions were provided, the electricity use significantly increased. The size of rebound effect was 13.5% in both cases. When electricity use suggestions were provided, the size of rebound effect of illumination settings was highest (20.24%), while the size of rebound effect of appliance settings was lowest (6.42%). The rebound effect in future smart homes can be reduced by (1) providing real-time electricity bills information combined with electricity use feedback; (2) offering electricity use suggestions through intelligent learning.
KeywordsSmart homes Rebound effect Electricity use
This research was supported by Shenzhen Malong Artificial Intelligence Research Center.
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