Advertisement

Opposition Boycotts in Algeria

  • Gail J. Buttorff
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the strategic choices of the Socialist Forces Front (FFS) across two legislative elections (2002 and 2007) and two presidential elections (1999 and 2004) in Algeria. The author shows that although the party had concerns about the freeness and fairness of the electoral process, it was ultimately driven to boycott by its perceptions about regime strength, beliefs which were informed by the social, political, and economic conditions surrounding each election. In this chapter, Buttorff also considers a second political party, the Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD), since the FFS and RCD adopted the same strategies in 1999 and 2002, but different strategies in the latter two elections. The discussion focuses in particular on how to explain the divergence in boycotting strategies of two parties facing the same electoral conditions and broader socioeconomic context. She concludes with a discussion of key issues raised by the Algerian case about the study of opposition politics in authoritarian regimes.

References

  1. Addi, L. (2006). Les partis politiques en Algérie. Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, 111–112, 139–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Addi, L. (2009). The multi-party system in Algeria. Paper presented at the Politics of Dissent in North Africa, Yale University.Google Scholar
  3. Axtmann, D. (1999). Algeria. In D. Nohlen, M. Krennerich, & B. Thibaut (Eds.), Elections in Africa: A data handbook. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bellal, T. (2009). Housing supply in Algeria: Affordability matters rather than availability. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 3(12), 97–114.Google Scholar
  5. Bellin, E. (2005). Coercive institutions and coercive leaders. In M. P. Posusney & M. P. Angrist (Eds.), Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and resistance (pp. 21–41). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  6. Bouandel, Y. (2003). Political parties and the transition from authoritarianism: The case of Algeria. Journal of Modern African Studies, 41(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bouandel, Y. (2004). Algeria’s presidential election of April 2004: A backward step in the democratisation process or a forward step towards stability? Third World Quarterly, 25(8), 1525–1540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cavatorta, F. (2009). The international dimension of the failed Algerian transition: Democracy betrayed? New York, NY: Manchester University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dris-Aït-Hammadouche, L. (2008). The 2007 legislative elections in Algeria: Political reckonings. Mediterranean Politics, 13(1), 87–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Entelis, J. P. (2005). The democratic imperative vs. the authoritarian impulse: The Maghrib state between transition and terrorism. The Middle East Journal, 59(4), 537–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Harrigan, J., Wang, C., & El-Said, H. (2006). The politics of IMF and World Bank lending: Will it backfire in the Middle East and North Africa. In A. Paloni & M. Zanardi (Eds.), The IMF, World Bank and policy reform. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Ilikoud, O. (2006). FFS et RCD: partis nationaux ou partis kabyles? Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, 111–112, 163–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kpodar, K. (2007). Why has unemployment in Algeria been higher than in MENA and transition countries? IMF working paper.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Le Sueur, J. D. (2010). Algeria since 1989: Between terror and democracy. New York, NY: Zed Books, Ltd.Google Scholar
  15. Martinez, L. (2003). La sécurité en Algérie et en Lybie après le 11 septembre. EuroMesCo Paper 22.Google Scholar
  16. Nashashibi, K., Alonso-Gamo, P., Bazzoni, S., Feler, A., Laframboise, N., & Horvitz, S. P. (1998). Algeria: Stabilization and transition to the market. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.Google Scholar
  17. Parks, R. P. (2005). An unexpected mandate? The April 8, 2004 Algerian presidential elections. Middle East Journal, 59(1), 98–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Quandt, W. B. (1998). Between ballots and bullets: Algeria’s transition from authoritarianism. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  19. Roberts, H. (2001). Co-opting identity: The manipulation of Berberism, the frustration of democratization and the generation of violence in Algeria. Crisis States Programme, Development, London School of Economics, Research Centre, Working Paper no. 7.Google Scholar
  20. Roberts, H. (2003). The battlefield Algeria 1988–2002: Studies in a broken polity. New York, NY: Verso.Google Scholar
  21. Roberts, H. (2007). Demilitarizing Algeria. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Google Scholar
  22. Ruedy, J. (2005). Modern Algeria: The origins and development of a nation (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Storm, L. (2014). Party politics and the prospects for democracy in North Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  24. Szmolka, I. (2006). The Algerian presidential elections of 2004: An analysis of power relationships in the political system. Mediterranean Politics, 11(1), 39–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tahi, M. S. (1995). Algeria’s democratisation process: A frustrated hope. Third World Quarterly, 16(2), 197–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tlemçani, R. (2008). Algeria under Bouteflika: Civil strife and national reconciliation. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Google Scholar
  27. Werenfels, I. (2007). Managing instability in Algeria: Elites and political change since 1995. New York, NY: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zisenwine, D. (2007). Algeria’s parliamentary elections: A setback for democratization. Tel Aviv Notes, Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. Retrieved from http://d6.dayan.org/sites/default/files/Algeria%27s_elections.pdf.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gail J. Buttorff
    • 1
  1. 1.Hobby School of Public AffairsUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations