The Islamic Action Front: Between Participation and Boycotts
In this chapter, Buttorff analyzes the case of the Islamic Action Front (IAF) in Jordan and its electoral strategies during five legislative elections: 1993, 1997, 2003, 2007, and 2010. The party boycotted just twice, even though all five elections used the single non-transferable vote electoral system, one of the opposition's main grievances and motivations for both boycotts. The author shows how the opposition group’s shifting perceptions of regime strength drove the changes in its electoral strategies during this period. In so doing, Buttorff provides a more nuanced understanding of the pattern of opposition strategies observed in Jordan during this period.
- Abu Rumman, M. A. (2007). The Muslim Brotherhood in the 2007 Jordanian parliamentary elections: A passing ‘political setback’ or diminished popularity? Amman, Jordan: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.Google Scholar
- Abu Rumman, M. (2010). Jordan’s parliamentary elections and the Islamist boycott. Retrieved October 21, 2010, from http://www.carnegieendowment.org/arb/?fa=show&article=41769.
- Al-Momani, M. (2007a, August 21). Political stagnation in Jordan and the question of political Islam. Note prepared for Legislative Strengthening Program-SUNY.Google Scholar
- Al-Momani, M. (2007b, November 27). Causes and consequences of the Islamists’ loss in the 2007 parliamentary elections. Note prepared for Legislative Strengthening Program-SUNY.Google Scholar
- Baaklini, A., Denoeux, G., & Springborg, R. (1999). Legislative politics in the Arab world: The resurgence of democratic institutions. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
- Brown, N. J. (2012). When victory is not an option: Islamist movements in Arab politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Democracy Reporting International and Al-Urdun Al-Jadid Research Center. (2007). Assessment of the electoral framework: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Berlin and Amman: DRI and UJRC.Google Scholar
- Garfinkle, A. (1993). The nine lives of Hashemite Jordan. In R. B. Satloff (Ed.), The politics of change in the Middle East. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Hamid, S. (2013). The Islamic action front in Jordan. In J. L. Esposito & E. E. Shahin (Eds.), Oxford handbook of Islam and politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Herb, M. (2005). Princes, parliaments, and the prospects for democracy in the Gulf. In M. P. Posusney & M. P. Angrist (Eds.), Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and resistance. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
- Jaradat, H. (2010). Jordan’s economy: Crisis, challenges & measures. Presented at the 3rd annual meeting of Middle East and North African Senior Budget Officials (MENA-SBO), Dubai, UAE. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/gov/budgeting/46382448.pdf.
- Owen, R. (2004). State, power and politics in the making of the modern Middle East (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Patel, D. S. (2015). The more things change, the more they stay the same: Jordanian Islamist responses in spring and fall. Brooking Institute working paper: Rethinking political Islam series.Google Scholar
- Piro, T. J. (1998). The political economy of market reform in Jordan. New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
- Prados, B. (2003). Jordan: U.S. relations and bilateral issues. CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB93085. Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://pards.org/crs/_country/CRSReportJordanU.S.RelationsAndBilateralIssues(August25,2003)Updated.pdf.
- Ryan, C. R. (2002). Jordan in transition: From Hussein to Abdullah. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
- Schwedler, J. (2010, June 30). Jordan’s risky business as usual. Middle East Report Online. Retrieved from https://www.merip.org/mero/mero063010.
- Schwedler, J. (2015). Jordan: The quiescent opposition. In R. Wright (Ed.), The Islamists are coming: Who they really are. Washington, DC: The Wilson Center.Google Scholar
- Taylor, J. E., Phillips, H., & Franks, M. (1997). Military assistance program – Jordan. The DISAM Journal, 20(4), 1–8.Google Scholar
- Tell, T. (2015). Early spring in Jordan: The revolt of military veterans. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved from https://carnegieendowment.org/files/ACMR_Tell_Jordan_Eng_final.pdf.
- Webb, E. J., Campbell, D. T., Schwartz, R. D., & Sechrest, L. (1966). Unobtrusive measures: Nonreactive research in the social sciences. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
- Yapp, M. E. (1996). The near East since the First World War: A history to 1995 (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Addison Wesley Longman Limited.Google Scholar