Advertisement

Municipal Waste Biochar for Energy and Pollution Remediation

Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 19)

Abstract

Municipal solid waste has become a hassle in many developing countries due to haphazard disposing to open dumpsites, which has zero management. This way of disposing the waste has negative impacts in the environment that can directly contribute to the climate changes and atmospheric pollution through greenhouse gas and volatile organic compound emission and water and soil pollution via landfill leachate as well. Biochar, a carbonaceous material produced by limited or no oxygen pyrolysis of biomass is an emerging efficient substitute for activated carbon. Its production utilizes different feedstock including municipal solid wastes, which is the “greener” approach of transforming the existing municipal waste into a value added product that can be used in contaminant mitigation and resource recovery by using it as an adsorbent and as a hybrid with soil for better plant growth. The long term benefits of these biochar additions to soil and water can be manifold and potential as an improved nutrient retention and availability to plant growth; this gives the impetus of having the “greener transformation” from municipal wastes to biochar. This chapter outlines the ways of production of biochar derived from municipal solid waste, its significance as an adsorbents and its promising potential in landfill cover, leachate treatment and for permeable reactive barriers.

Keywords

Waste biomass Composting Waste to energy Environmental remediation Climate change 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding from the National Research Council NRC Grant 15-024 is acknowledged.

References

  1. Abichou T, Palueson D, Chanton J (2004) Bio-reactive cover systems. Florida Centre for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Raiford, pp 1–37Google Scholar
  2. Agarwal M, Tardio J, Mohan SV (2015) Pyrolysis biochar from cellulosic municipal solid waste as adsorbent for azo dye removal: equilibrium isotherms and kinetics analysis. Int J Environ Sci Dev 6:67–72.  https://doi.org/10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agrafioti E, Kalderis D, Diamadopoulos E (2014) Arsenic and chromium removal from water using biochars derived from rice husk, organic solid wastes and sewage sludge. J Environ Manag 133:309–314.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.12.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmad M, Rajapaksha AU, Lim JE, Zhang M, Bolan N, Mohan D, Vithanage M, Lee SS, Ok YS (2014) Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: a review. Chemosphere 99:19–33.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Albrecht BA, Benson CH (2001) Effect of desiccation on compacted natural clays. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 127:67–75.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2001)127:1(67)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ali I, Gupta VK (2006) Advances in water treatment by adsorption technology. Nat Protoc 1:2661–2667.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2006.370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Antizar-Ladislao B, Turrion-Gomez JL (2010) Decentralized energy from waste systems. Energies 3:194–205.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en3020194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arena U (2012) Process and technological aspects of municipal solid waste gasification. A review. Waste Manag 32:625–639.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.09.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ariyawansha R, Basnayake B, Pathirana K, Chandrasena A (2011) Open dump simulation for estimation of pollution levels in wet tropical climates. Trop Agric Res 21:340–352.  https://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v21i4.3310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Asadi M (2008) Investigation of heavy metals concentration in landfill leachate and reduction by different coagulants. In: The 7th international conference on environmental engineering faculty of environmental engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. Saulėtekio ave 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, LithuaniaGoogle Scholar
  11. Bandara T, Herath I, Kumarathilaka P, Hseu Z-Y, Ok YS, Vithanage M (2017) Efficacy of woody biomass and biochar for alleviating heavy metal bioavailability in serpentine soil. Environ Geochem Health 39:391–401.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-016-9842-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bilgic E, Yaman S, Haykiri-Acma H, Kucukbayrak S (2016) Is torrefaction of polysaccharides-rich biomass equivalent to carbonization of lignin-rich biomass? Bioresour Technol 200:201–207.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bogner J, Pipatti R, Hashimoto S, Diaz C, Mareckova K, Diaz L, Kjeldsen P, Monni S, Faaij A, Gao Q (2008) Mitigation of global greenhouse gas emissions from waste: conclusions and strategies from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report. Working Group III (Mitigation). Waste Manag Res J Int Solid Wastes Public Cleans Assoc, ISWA 26:11–32.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X07088433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brown R (2009) Biochar production technology. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Buah WK, Cunliffe AM, Williams PT (2007) Characterization of products from the pyrolysis of municipal solid waste. Process Saf Environ Prot 85:450–457.  https://doi.org/10.1205/psep07024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Buonanno G, Stabile L, Avino P, Belluso E (2011) Chemical, dimensional and morphological ultrafine particle characterization from a waste-to-energy plant. Waste Manag 31:2253–2262.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.06.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Caporale AG, Pigna M, Sommella A, Conte P (2014) Effect of pruning-derived biochar on heavy metals removal and water dynamics. Biol Fertil Soils 50:1211–1222.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-014-0960-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chambers A (2004) Renewable energy in nontechnical language. PennWell Books, Tulsa ISBN:1593700059Google Scholar
  19. Chen B, Zhou D, Zhu L (2008) Transitional adsorption and partition of nonpolar and polar aromatic contaminants by biochars of pine needles with different pyrolytic temperatures. Environ Sci Technol 42:5137–5143.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es8002684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chen X, Chen G, Chen L, Chen Y, Lehmann J, McBride MB, Hay AG (2011) Adsorption of copper and zinc by biochars produced from pyrolysis of hardwood and corn straw in aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 102:8877–8884.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.06.078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chen T, Zhang Y, Wang H, Lu W, Zhou Z, Zhang Y, Ren L (2014) Influence of pyrolysis temperature on characteristics and heavy metal adsorptive performance of biochar derived from municipal sewage sludge. Bioresour Technol 164:47–54.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.04.048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Christensen TH, Kjeldsen P, Bjerg PL, Jensen DL, Christensen JB, Baun A, Albrechtsen H-J, Heron G (2001) Biogeochemistry of landfill leachate plumes. Appl Geochem 16:659–718.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-2927(00)00082-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Clini C, Musu I, Gullino ML (2008) Sustainable development and environmental management. Springer, Dordrecht ISBN:978-1-4020-6597-2Google Scholar
  24. Costa AS, Romão L, Araújo B, Lucas S, Maciel S, Wisniewski A, Alexandre M d R (2012) Environmental strategies to remove volatile aromatic fractions (BTEX) from petroleum industry wastewater using biomass. Bioresour Technol 105:31–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.11.096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Daifullah A, Girgis B (2003) Impact of surface characteristics of activated carbon on adsorption of BTEX. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 214:181–193.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7757(02)00392-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dasgupta B, Yadav VL, Mondal MK (2013) Seasonal characterization and present status of municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Varanasi, India. Adv Environ Res 2:51–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Davoli E, Gangai M, Morselli L, Tonelli D (2003) Characterisation of odorants emissions from landfills by SPME and GC/MS. Chemosphere 51:357–368.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00845-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. de Souza Melaré AV, González SM, Faceli K, Casadei V (2017) Technologies and decision support systems to aid solid-waste management: a systematic review. Waste Manag 59:567–584.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.10.045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Demirbas A, Arin G (2002) An overview of biomass pyrolysis. Energy Sources 24:471–482.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00908310252889979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Di Natale F, Di Natale M, Greco R, Lancia A, Laudante C, Musmarra D (2008) Groundwater protection from cadmium contamination by permeable reactive barriers. J Hazard Mater 160:428–434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dong J, Chi Y, Tang Y, Ni M, Nzihou A, Weiss-Hortala E, Huang Q (2015) Partitioning of heavy metals in municipal solid waste pyrolysis, gasification, and incineration. Energy Fuel 29:7516–7525.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b01918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Downey L, Van Willigen M (2005) Environmental stressors: the mental health impacts of living near industrial activity. J Health Soc Behav 46:289–305.  https://doi.org/10.1177/002214650504600306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Duku MH, Gu S, Hagan EB (2011) Biochar production potential in Ghana—a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 15:3539–3551.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.05.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Einola J-KM, Karhu AE, Rintala JA (2008) Mechanically–biologically treated municipal solid waste as a support medium for microbial methane oxidation to mitigate landfill greenhouse emissions. Waste Manag 28:97–111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.01.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Eriksson O, Finnveden G, Ekvall T, Björklund A (2007) Life cycle assessment of fuels for district heating: a comparison of waste incineration, biomass-and natural gas combustion. Energy Policy 35:1346–1362.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2006.04.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Fang J-J, Yang N, Cen D-Y, Shao L-M, He P-J (2012) Odor compounds from different sources of landfill: characterization and source identification. Waste Manag 32:1401–1410.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.02.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Fatta D, Papadopoulos A, Loizidou M (1999) A study on the landfill leachate and its impact on the groundwater quality of the greater area. Environ Geochem Health 21:175–190.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006613530137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ghanimeh S, El Fadel M, Saikaly P (2012) Mixing effect on thermophilic anaerobic digestion of source-sorted organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Bioresour Technol 117:63–71.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.02.125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Glaser B, Balashov E, Haumaier L, Guggenberger G, Zech W (2000) Black carbon in density fractions of anthropogenic soils of the Brazilian Amazon region. Org Geochem 31:669–678.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0146-6380(00)00044-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Glaser B, Lehmann J, Zech W (2002) Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal-a review. Biol Fertil Soils 35:219–230.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-002-0466-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Guerrero LA, Maas G, Hogland W (2013) Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste Manag 33:220–232.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.09.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gumisiriza R, Hawumba JF, Okure M, Hensel O (2017) Biomass waste-to-energy valorisation technologies: a review case for banana processing in Uganda. Biotechnol Biofuels 10:11.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-016-0689-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Gwenzi W, Nyambishi TJ, Chaukura N, Mapope N (2017) Synthesis and nutrient release patterns of a biochar-based N–P–K slow-release fertilizer. Int J Environ Sci Technol (Tehran) 5(2):405–414.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-017-1399-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Hagemann N, Kammann CI, Schmidt H-P, Kappler A, Behrens S (2017) Nitrate capture and slow release in biochar amended compost and soil. PLoS One 12:e0171214.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Hajizadeh Y, Onwudili JA, Williams PT (2011) PCDD/F formation from oxy-PAH precursors in waste incinerator flyash. Chemosphere 85:1672–1681.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.07.078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Harkov R, Gianti SJ Jr, Bozzelli JW, LaRegina JE (1985) Monitoring volatile organic compounds at hazardous and sanitary landfills in New Jersey. J Environ Sci Health Part A 20:491–501.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10934528509375237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. He M, Hu Z, Xiao B, Li J, Guo X, Luo S, Yang F, Feng Y, Yang G, Liu S (2009) Hydrogen-rich gas from catalytic steam gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW): influence of catalyst and temperature on yield and product composition. Int J Hydrog Energy 34:195–203.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.09.070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Henry RK, Yongsheng Z, Jun D (2006) Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries–Kenyan case study. Waste Manag 26:92–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.03.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Hoornweg D, Bhada-Tata P (2012) What a waste: a global review of solid waste management. Urban development series;knowledge papers no. 15. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17388 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO
  50. Hossain AS, Salleh A, Boyce AN, Chowdhury P, Naqiuddin M (2008) Biodiesel fuel production from algae as renewable energy. Am J Biochem Biotechnol 4:250–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Huai X, Xu W, Qu Z, Li Z, Zhang F, Xiang G, Zhu S, Chen G (2008) Numerical simulation of municipal solid waste combustion in a novel two-stage reciprocating incinerator. Waste Manag 28:15–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2006.11.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Hui Y, Li’ao W, Fenwei S, Gang H (2006) Urban solid waste management in Chongqing: challenges and opportunities. Waste Manag 26:1052–1062.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.09.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ionescu G, Zardi D, Tirler W, Rada EC, Ragazzi M (2012) A critical analysis of emissions and atmospheric dispersion of pollutants from plants for the treatment of residual municipal solid waste. Sci Bull Mechan Eng 74:227–240Google Scholar
  54. Ionescu G, Rada EC, Ragazzi M, Mărculescu C, Badea A, Apostol T (2013) Integrated municipal solid waste scenario model using advanced pretreatment and waste to energy processes. Energy Convers Manag 76:1083–1092.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2013.08.049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Jayawardhana Y, Kumarathilaka P, Weerasundara L, Mowjood M, Herath G, Kawamoto K, Nagamori M, Vithanage M (2016) Detection of benzene in landfill leachate from Gohagoda dumpsite and its removal using municipal solid waste derived biochar. In: 6th international conference on structural engineering and construction management 2015, Kandy, Sri LankaGoogle Scholar
  56. Jayawardhana Y, Mayakaduwa S, Kumarathilaka P, Gamage S, Vithanage M (2017) Municipal solid waste-derived biochar for the removal of benzene from landfill leachate. Environ Geochem Health:1–15.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-017-9973-y
  57. Jayawardhana Y, Kumarathilaka P, Mayakaduwa S, Weerasundara L, Bandara T, Vithanage M (2018) Characteristics of municipal solid waste biochar: its potential to be used in environmental remediation. In: Ghosh SK (ed) Utilization and management of bioresources. Springer, Singapore, pp 209–220 ISBN:978-981-10-5348-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Jin H, Capareda S, Chang Z, Gao J, Xu Y, Zhang J (2014) Biochar pyrolytically produced from municipal solid wastes for aqueous As(V) removal: adsorption property and its improvement with KOH activation. Bioresour Technol 169:622–629.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kabir MJ, Chowdhury AA, Rasul MG (2015) Pyrolysis of municipal green waste: a modelling, simulation and experimental analysis. Energies 8:7522–7541.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en8087522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kalantarifard A, Yang GS (2011) Energy potential from municipal solid waste in Tanjung Langsat landfill, Johor, Malaysia. Int J Eng Sci Technol (IJEST) 3:8560–8568Google Scholar
  61. Karthikeyan O, Chidambarampadmavathy K, Cirés S, Heimann K (2015) Review of sustainable methane mitigation and biopolymer production. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 45:1579–1610.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2014.966422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kim D, Park KY, Yoshikawa K (2017) Conversion of municipal solid wastes into biochar through hydrothermal carbonization, engineering applications of biochar. In: Huang W-J (ed). Intech Open. ISBN:978-953-51-3403-9Google Scholar
  63. Klinghoffer NB, Castaldi MJ (2013) Gasification and pyrolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW). In: Waste to energy conversion technology. Elsevier, pp 146–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Lamb DT, Venkatraman K, Bolan N, Ashwath N, Choppala G, Naidu R (2014) Phytocapping: an alternative technology for the sustainable management of landfill sites. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 44:561–637.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2012.728823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Langler GJ (2004) Aquatic toxicity and environmental impact of landfill leachate. University of Brighton, BrightonGoogle Scholar
  66. Lee E-H, Moon K-E, Cho K-S (2017) Long-term performance and bacterial community dynamics in biocovers for mitigating methane and malodorous gases. J Biotechnol 242:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2016.12.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Lehmann J, Joseph S (2009) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, Sterling ISBN:9781844076581Google Scholar
  68. Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Crowley D (2011) Biochar effects on soil biota–a review. Soil Biol Biochem 43:1812–1836.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.04.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Leidinger M, Sauerwald T, Conrad T, Reimringer W, Ventura G, Schütze A (2014) Selective detection of hazardous indoor VOCs using metal oxide gas sensors. Proc Eng 87:1449–1452.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Li G, Shen B, Li F, Tian L, Singh S, Wang F (2015) Elemental mercury removal using biochar pyrolyzed from municipal solid waste. Fuel Process Technol 133:43–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.12.042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Libra JA, Ro KS, Kammann C, Funke A, Berge ND, Neubauer Y, Titirici M-M, Fühner C, Bens O, Kern J, Emmerich K-H (2011) Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass residuals: a comparative review of the chemistry, processes and applications of wet and dry pyrolysis. Biofuels 2:71–106.  https://doi.org/10.4155/bfs.10.81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Liu Y, Liu Y (2005) Novel incineration technology integrated with drying, pyrolysis, gasification, and combustion of MSW and ashes vitrification. Environ Sci Technol 39:3855–3863.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es040408mCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Liu G, Xie M, Zhang S (2017) Effect of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW)-based biochar on organic carbon mineralization in a dry land soil. J Mater Cycle Waste Manag 19:473–482.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-015-0447-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lu H, Zhang W, Yang Y, Huang X, Wang S, Qiu R (2012a) Relative distribution of Pb2+ sorption mechanisms by sludge-derived biochar. Water Res 46:854–862.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.11.058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Lu X, Jordan B, Berge ND (2012b) Thermal conversion of municipal solid waste via hydrothermal carbonization: comparison of carbonization products to products from current waste management techniques. Waste Manag 32:1353–1365.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.02.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Luque R, Menendez JA, Arenillas A, Cot J (2012) Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of biomass feedstocks: the way forward? Energy Environ Sci 5:5481–5488.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c1ee02450gCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lv PM, Xiong ZH, Chang J, Wu CZ, Chen Y, Zhu JX (2004) An experimental study on biomass air–steam gasification in a fluidized bed. Bioresour Technol 95:95–101.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Matsakas L, Gao Q, Jansson S, Rova U, Christakopoulos P (2017) Green conversion of municipal solid wastes into fuels and chemicals. Electron J Biotechnol 26:69–83.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.01.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Mei J, Zhen G, Zhao Y (2016) Bio-oxidation of escape methane from landfill using leachate-modified aged refuse. Arab J Sci Eng 41:2493–2500.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-015-1966-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Memon MA (2010) Integrated solid waste management based on the 3R approach. J Mater Cycle Waste Manag 12:30–40.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-009-0274-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Menikpura S, Basnayake B (2009) New applications of ‘Hess Law’and comparisons with models for determining calorific values of municipal solid wastes in the Sri Lankan context. Renew Energy 34:1587–1594.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.11.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Meyer S, Glaser B, Quicker P (2011) Technical, economical, and climate-related aspects of biochar production technologies: a literature review. Environ Sci Technol 45:9473–9483.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es201792cCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Milla OV, Wang H-H, Huang W-J (2013) Feasibility study using municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash and biochar from binary mixtures of organic waste as agronomic materials. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 17:187–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Miskolczi N, Ateş F, Borsodi N (2013) Comparison of real waste (MSW and MPW) pyrolysis in batch reactor over different catalysts. Part II: contaminants, char and pyrolysis oil properties. Bioresour Technol 144:370–379.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.06.109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Moeckel C, Monteith DT, Llewellyn NR, Henrys PA, Pereira MG r (2013) Relationship between the concentrations of dissolved organic matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a typical UK upland stream. Environ Sci Technol 48:130–138.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es403707qCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Mohan D, Pittman CU, Steele PH (2006) Pyrolysis of wood/biomass for bio-oil: a critical review. Energy Fuel 20:848–889.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef0502397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Mohan D, Sarswat A, Ok YS, Pittman CU (2014) Organic and inorganic contaminants removal from water with biochar, a renewable, low cost and sustainable adsorbent – a critical review. Bioresour Technol 160:191–202.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.01.120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Mor S, Ravindra K, Dahiya R, Chandra A (2006) Leachate characterization and assessment of groundwater pollution near municipal solid waste landfill site. Environ Monit Assess 118:435–456.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-1505-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mor S, Chhoden K, Ravindra K (2016) Application of agro-waste rice husk ash for the removal of phosphate from the wastewater. J Clean Prod 129:673–680.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.03.088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Moya D, Aldás C, López G, Kaparaju P (2017) Municipal solid waste as a valuable renewable energy resource: a worldwide opportunity of energy recovery by using waste-to-energy technologies. Energy Procedia 134:286–295.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Obiri-Nyarko F, Grajales-Mesa SJ, Malina G (2014) An overview of permeable reactive barriers for in situ sustainable groundwater remediation. Chemosphere 111:243–259.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.03.112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Palmiotto M, Fattore E, Paiano V, Celeste G, Colombo A, Davoli E (2014) Influence of a municipal solid waste landfill in the surrounding environment: toxicological risk and odor nuisance effects. Environ Int 68:16–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.03.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Panturu E, Filcencu-Olteanu A, Groza N, Panturu R, Ciobanu L (2009) Uranium immobilization on reactive material using RPB. Bul Stiint Univ Politeh Timisoara Ser Chim Ing Mediului 54:50–53Google Scholar
  94. Park D, Yun Y-S, Park JM (2006) Comment on the removal mechanism of hexavalent chromium by biomaterials or biomaterial-based activated carbons. Ind Eng Chem Res 45:2405–2407.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie0509387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Parshetti GK, Chowdhury S, Balasubramanian R (2014) Hydrothermal conversion of urban food waste to chars for removal of textile dyes from contaminated waters. Bioresour Technol 161:310–319.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.03.087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Phan AN, Ryu C, Sharifi VN, Swithenbank J (2008) Characterisation of slow pyrolysis products from segregated wastes for energy production. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 81:65–71.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2007.09.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Portugal-Pereira J, Lee L (2016) Economic and environmental benefits of waste-to-energy technologies for debris recovery in disaster-hit Northeast Japan. J Clean Prod 112:4419–4429.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.05.083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Richter H, Howard JB (2000) Formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their growth to soot—a review of chemical reaction pathways. Prog Energy Combust Sci 26:565–608.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-1285(00)00009-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Robinson H (2005) The composition of leachates from very large landfills: an international review. CWRM 8(1):19–32Google Scholar
  100. Rochman CM, Manzano C, Hentschel BT, Simonich SLM, Hoh E (2013) Polystyrene plastic: a source and sink for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the marine environment. Environ Sci Technol 47:13976–13984.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es403605fCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Seneviratne M, Weerasundara L, Ok YS, Rinklebe J, Vithanage M (2017) Phytotoxicity attenuation in Vigna radiata under heavy metal stress at the presence of biochar and N fixing bacteria. J Environ Manag 186:293–300.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Sequeira V, Chandrashekar J (2015a) Solid waste management in Mangaluru City-a case study. Int J Innov Appl Stud 10:420Google Scholar
  103. Sequeira V, Chandrashekar J (2015b) Vermicomposting of biodegradable municipal solid waste using indigenous Eudrilus Sp. Earthworms Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 4:356–365Google Scholar
  104. Sohi S, Loez-Capel S, Krull E, Bol R (2009) Biochar’s roles in soil and climate change: a review of research needs. CSIRO land and water science report 05/09, p 64Google Scholar
  105. Soltani-Ahmadi H (2000) A review of the literature regarding non-methane and volatile organic compounds in municipal solid waste landfill gas. SWANA/Hickman Intern. University of Delaware, NewarkGoogle Scholar
  106. Sridevi V, Modi M, Ch M, Lakshmi A, Kesavarao L (2012) A review on integrated solid waste managementGoogle Scholar
  107. Srivastava A, Mazumdar D (2011) Monitoring and reporting VOCs in ambient air. In: Air quality monitoring, assessment and management. InTech, Rijeka, pp 137–148Google Scholar
  108. Sun F, Littlejohn D, Gibson MD (1998) Ultrasonication extraction and solid phase extraction clean-up for determination of US EPA 16 priority pollutant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with ultraviolet absorption detection. Anal Chim Acta 364:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00186-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Taherymoosavi S, Verheyen V, Munroe P, Joseph S, Reynolds A (2017) Characterization of organic compounds in biochars derived from municipal solid waste. Waste Manag 67:131–142.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.05.052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Tan ST, Hashim H, Lim JS, Ho WS, Lee CT, Yan J (2014) Energy and emissions benefits of renewable energy derived from municipal solid waste: analysis of a low carbon scenario in Malaysia. Appl Energy 136:797–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Tan ST, Ho WS, Hashim H, Lee CT, Taib MR, Ho CS (2015) Energy, economic and environmental (3E) analysis of waste-to-energy (WTE) strategies for municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Malaysia. Energy Convers Manag 102:111–120.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.02.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Thiruvenkatachari R, Vigneswaran S, Naidu R (2008) Permeable reactive barrier for groundwater remediation. J Ind Eng Chem 14:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Trang PTT, Dong HQ, Toan DQ, Hanh NTX, Thu NT (2017) The effects of socio-economic factors on household solid waste generation and composition: a case study in Thu Dau Mot, Vietnam. Energy Procedia 107:253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Tränkler J, Visvanathan C, Kuruparan P, Tubtimthai O (2005) Influence of tropical seasonal variations on landfill leachate characteristics—results from lysimeter studies. Waste Manag 25:1013–1020.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.05.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Tratnyek PG, Scherer MM, Johnson TL, Matheson LJ (2003) Permeable reactive barriers of iron and other zero-valent metals. Environ Sci Pollut Control Ser 26:371–422Google Scholar
  116. Turner M, Dave NM, Modena T, Naugle A (2005) Permeable reactive barriers: lessons learned/new directions. Interstate Technology Regulatory Cooperation, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  117. Uslu A, Faaij AP, Bergman PC (2008) Pre-treatment technologies, and their effect on international bioenergy supply chain logistics. Techno-economic evaluation of torrefaction, fast pyrolysis and pelletisation. Energy 33:1206–1223.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2008.03.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Vasudevan NK, Vedachalam S, Sridhar D (2003) Study on the various methods of landfill remediation in workshop on sustainable landfill managementGoogle Scholar
  119. Verma M, Godbout S, Brar S, Solomatnikova O, Lemay S, Larouche J (2012) Biofuels production from biomass by thermochemical conversion technologies. Int J Chem Eng 2012:1–18.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/542426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Vithanage M, Wijesekara S, Siriwardana A, Mayakaduwa SS, Ok YS (2014) Management of municipal solid waste landfill leachate: a global environmental issue. In: AGE M, Akhtar R (eds) Environmental deterioration and human health. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 263–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Wang H, Wang L, Shahbazi A (2015) Life cycle assessment of fast pyrolysis of municipal solid waste in North Carolina of USA. J Clean Prod 87:511–519.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.09.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Wijesekara S, Mayakaduwa SS, Siriwardana A, de Silva N, Basnayake B, Kawamoto K, Vithanage M (2014) Fate and transport of pollutants through a municipal solid waste landfill leachate in Sri Lanka. Environ Earth Sci 72:1707–1719.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3075-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. World Health Organization. Population health and waste management: scientific data and policy options. Report of a WHO workshop, Rome, Italy, 29–30 March, 2007. In population health and waste management: scientific data and policy options. Report of a WHO workshop, Rome, Italy, 29–30 March, 2007, World Health OrganizationGoogle Scholar
  124. Xu X, Cao X, Zhao L, Wang H, Yu H, Gao B (2013) Removal of Cu, Zn, and Cd from aqueous solutions by the dairy manure-derived biochar. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:358–368.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0873-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Yang T, Sun W, Yue D (2017) Characterizing the effects of biologically active covers on landfill methane emission flux and bio-oxidation. J Environ Eng 143:04017059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Yu KL, Lau BF, Show PL, Ong HC, Ling TC, Chen W-H, Ng EP, Chang J-S (2017) Recent developments on algal biochar production and characterization. Bioresour Tech 246:2–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Yuen S, Michael R, Salt M, Jaksa M, Sun J (2013) Phytocapping as a cost-effective and sustainable cover option for waste disposal sites in developing countriesGoogle Scholar
  128. Zhang Y, Luo W (2014) Adsorptive removal of heavy metal from acidic wastewater with biochar produced from anaerobically digested residues: kinetics and surface complexation modeling. Bioresources 9:2484–2499Google Scholar
  129. Zhang DQ, Tan SK, Gersberg RM (2010) Municipal solid waste management in China: status, problems and challenges. J Environ Manag 91:1623–1633.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Zhou D, Liu D, Gao F, Li M, Luo X (2017) Effects of biochar-derived sewage sludge on heavy metal adsorption and immobilization in soils. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:681.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14070681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Zornoza R, Moreno-Barriga F, Acosta J, Muñoz M, Faz A (2016) Stability, nutrient availability and hydrophobicity of biochars derived from manure, crop residues, and municipal solid waste for their use as soil amendments. Chemosphere 144:122–130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.046CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Chemodynamics ProjectNational Institute of Fundamental StudiesKandySri Lanka
  2. 2.Centre for Environment and Life SciencesCSIRO Land and WaterFloreatAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Process EngineeringUniversity of MoratuwaKatubeddaSri Lanka
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringThe Open University of Sri LankaNawala, NugegodaSri Lanka
  5. 5.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ecosphere Resilience Research CenterUniversity of Sri JayewardenepuraNugegodaSri Lanka

Personalised recommendations