A Study of Perception Using Mobile Device for Multi-haptic Feedback

  • Shuo-Fang Liu
  • Hsiang-Sheng ChengEmail author
  • Ching-Fen Chang
  • Po-Yen Lin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10904)


As developments are made to mobile devices, advances are also made to vibration feedback technology to help visually impaired and elderly users. At present, mobile devices still use motor technology to provide vibration feedback. Therefore, in order to explore the possible applications of motor vibration feedback, two experiments were carried out in this study. In both of the experiments, four motors were used. In the first experiment, four motors were installed in each corner of two prototype devices of different sizes (5.5 inches and 9.7 inches). These devices were placed on top of a desk and the motors were randomly activated. The subjects then touched the center of the prototypes with their index finger, and had to identify which motor was vibrating. The results showed that age difference had a significant difference in the perception of the vibration position, but the difference between the two sizes was not significant. The second experiment compared the perception of the vibration position in hand-held devices by using a 5.5-inch prototype. The results showed that the different age groups showed a minor difference in how the prototype was used. However, the different ways of using the prototype had a significant difference in the identification of the vibration position.


Elderly Visual Tactile Vibrotactile Haptic Motor Stimuli Mobile device 



We are thankful for the financial support from The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan. The grant MOST 106-2221-E-006-156.


  1. 1.
    Lee, S., Zhai, S.: The performance of touch screen soft buttons (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Banter, B.: Touch screens and touch surfaces are enriched by haptic force-feedback. Inform. Disp. 26(3), 26–30 (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Koskinen, E., Kaaresoja, T., Laitinen, P.: Feel-good touch: finding the most pleasant tactile feedback for a mobile touch screen button (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dempsey, P.: The teardown Apple iPhone 7 smartphone. E&T Mag. 11(11) (2016). Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yatani, K., Truong, K.N.: SemFeel: a user interface with semantic tactile feedback for mobile touch-screen devices (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wottawa, C.R., Genovese, B., Nowroozil, B.N., Hart, S.D., Bisley, J.W., Grundfest, W.S., Dutson, E.P.: Evaluating tactile feedback in robotic surgery for potential clinical application using an animal model. Surg. Endosc. 30, 3198–3209 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Caprani, N., O’Connor, N.E., Gurrin, C.: Touch screens for the older user (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu, S.-F., Chang, C.-F., Wang, M.-H., Lai, H.-H.: A study of the factors affecting the usability of smart phone screen protectors for the elderly. In: Zhou, J., Salvendy, G. (eds.) ITAP 2016. LNCS, vol. 9754, pp. 457–465. Springer, Cham (2016). Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kandel, E.R., Schwartz, J.H., Jessell, T.M.: Principles of Neural Science (1991)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hung, C.-T., Croft, E.A., Van der Loos, H.F.M.: A wearable vibrotactile device for upper-limb bilateral motion training in stroke rehabilitation: a case study (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Elliott, L.R., van Erp, J.B.F., Redden, E.S., Duistermaat, M.: Field-based validation of a tactile navigation device (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pielot, M., Poppinga, B., Heuten, W., Boll, S.: PocketNavigator: studying tactile navigation systems in-situ (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Williamson, J., Robinson, S., Stewart, C., Murray-Smith, R., Jones, M., Brewster, S.: Social gravity: a virtual elastic tether for casual, privacy-preserving pedestrian rendezvous (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuo-Fang Liu
    • 1
  • Hsiang-Sheng Cheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ching-Fen Chang
    • 1
  • Po-Yen Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial DesignNational Cheng-Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan (R.O.C.)

Personalised recommendations