Advertisement

Dispossessing the Wilderness: Contesting Canada’s National Park Narrative

  • Desiree ValadaresEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Cultural Heritage and Conflict book series (PSCHC)

Abstract

This chapter examines the social and educational role of material culture to analyze, remember, and contextualize difficult periods in a national community’s history. Forillon National Park in Quebec serves as a lens to explore narratives of national identity formation in relation to governmental politics of recognition and reconciliation with former Francophone and Anglophone citizens whose land was expropriated to create the park. It highlights tensions in these sites of contestation as the extant vernacular architecture and cultural landscapes bearing witness to these painful events still remain undocumented. The chapter raises important questions about practices of heritage conservation and the government’s role in selecting and preserving difficult heritage to hide less palatable parts of the national park narrative that involved the systematic exclusion of people (First Nations and settlers alike) from their ancestral lands.

References

  1. Babin, A. (2013) L'expropriation du territoire de Forillon : étude du processus décisionnel des responsables étatiques fédéraux et provinciaux, 1968–1975. Unpublished Masterthesis: Universite Laval.Google Scholar
  2. Bella, L. (1986). The Politics of Preservation: Creating National Parks in Canada, and in the United States, England and Wales. Planning Perspectives, 1, 189–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Byrne, J., & Wolch, J. (2009). Nature, Race, and Parks: Past Research and Future Directions for Geographic Research. Progress in Human Geography, 33(6), 743–765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campbell, C. E. (2011). A Century of Parks Canada, 1911–2011. Calgary: University of Calgary Press.Google Scholar
  5. Carr, E. (2000). Park, Forest and Wilderness. George Wright Forum, 17(2), 16–30 (Taking Stock: Changing Ideas and Visions for Parks). Google Scholar
  6. Catton, T. (1997). Inhabited Wilderness Indians, Eskimos, and National Parks in Alaska. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cronon, W. (1995). The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature. In Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (pp. 69–90). New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  8. Dahlberg, A., Rohde, R., & Sandell, K. (2010). National Parks and Environmental Justice: Comparing Access Rights and Ideological Legacies in Three Countries. Conservation and Society, 8(3), 209–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dowie, M. (2009). Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict Between Global Conservation and Native Peoples. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. Germain, A. (2007). Seeking Common Ground: The Politics of National Parks in the Torngat Mountains, Arctic Canada, paper presented at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, April 18, 2007.Google Scholar
  11. Hermer, J. (2002). Regulating Eden: The Nature of Order in North American Parks. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kopas, P. S. (2007). Taking the Air: Ideas and Change in Canada’s National Parks. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.Google Scholar
  13. MacEachern, A. A. (2001). Natural Selections: National Parks in Atlantic Canada, 1935–1970. Montreal, QC: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  14. McNamee, K. (2010). Filling in the Gaps: Establishing New National Parks. George Wright Forum: Parks Canada Agency, 27(2), 142–150.Google Scholar
  15. Mortimer-Sandilands, C. (2000). The Cultural Politics of Ecological Integrity: Nature and Nation in Canada’s National Parks, 1885–2000, International Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue internationale d’études canadiennes, 39, 161–189.Google Scholar
  16. Piper, L. (2013). Knowing Nature Through History. History Compass, 11(12), 1139–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Reid, E. (1963). The Enduring Wilderness/Jardins Sauvage. National Film Board of Canada.Google Scholar
  18. Richardson, B. (1987). For Future Generations. National Film Board.Google Scholar
  19. Ross, M. H. (2009). Cultural Contestation and the Symbolic Landscape: Politics by Other Means? In M. H. Ross (Ed.), Culture and Belonging in Devided Societies: Contestation and Symbolic Landscapes (pp. 1–24). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  20. Rudin, R. (2011). The First French-Canadian Parks: Kouchibouguac and Forillon in History and Memory. Revue de la Société historique du Canada [Journal of the Canadian Historical Association], 22(1), 161–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sandlos, John. (2005). Federal Spaces, Local Conflicts: National Parks and the Exclusionary Politics of the Conservation Movement in Ontario, 1900–1935, Journal of the Canadian Historical Association / Revue de la Société historique du Canada, (16)1, pp. 293–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Scott, D. (2014). What is Environmental Justice? Environmental Justice. In M. Brydon-Miller & D. Coghlan (Eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Action Research. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  23. Spence, M. D. (1999). Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Stevens, S. (2014). Indigenous Peoples, National Parks, and Protected Areas: A New Paradigm Linking Conservation, Culture, and Rights. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  25. Taylor, C. J. (1990). Negotiating the Past: The Making of Canada’s National Historic Parks and Sites. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Tweed, W. C. (2010). Uncertain Path: A Search for the Future of National Parks. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UC Berkeley College of Environmental DesignBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations