Energy and Development

  • Henry Louie


Human development, as measured by health, income, and education, is closely linked with access to energy. This chapter describes the state and trends of global energy and electricity consumption with a particular focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and developing countries. Different off-grid electrification approaches are described, including grid extension, mini-grids, micro-grids, energy kiosks, solar home systems, and solar lanterns.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry Louie
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical and Computer EngineeringSeattle UniversitySeattleUSA

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