In the concluding chapter, we summarize our main findings and discuss relevant policy implications. We discuss the theoretical, empirical, and methodological contributions to our study for a growing body of research on political violence, repression in authoritarian countries, and civil disobedience in developing economies. We explain how our theoretical claims and empirical findings speak to a growing literature on the link between climate change and conflict, emphasizing the importance of contextualizing the analysis of such linkages. We illustrate how our findings that food crises can generate conditions conducive for mass killing campaigns by governments in nondemocracies inform the field’s understanding of how food prices and the protests they generate impact the strategic calculations of incumbents to perpetrate violence. We end this concluding chapter by outlining this book’s implications to the work of policymakers concerned with mitigating and preventing violence against civilians in nondemocratic countries, and illustrating that the occurrence of food prices can be used not only to explain, but also to predict state-led mass killing in nondemocratic states.
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