Green and Lean Activities of Vertically Integrated Links as a Way of Creating Smart Supply Networks

  • Anna MaryniakEmail author
Part of the EcoProduction book series (ECOPROD)


In the case of lean supply chains, the main aim is the reductions of costs. With regard to green supply chains, the needs of external stakeholders, including a silent stakeholder—the natural environment, are taken into account. However, currently the co-existence of two types of supply chains is necessary in order for them to meet the expectations of the management staff and the society. Therefore, in this way such supply chains become smart supply chains. In view of the above, it has been assumed that the main aim of the studies is the determination to what extent the studied supply chains are influenced by green and lean ideas within operational and strategic spheres. The studies were conducted on the Polish market, among medium-sized and big production enterprises. On the basis of the studies, it has been determined that supply chains are to a greater extent characterized by lean than green activities within all studied dimensions, i.e. concerning product, logistics, management and relations with suppliers. What is more, the activities within the strategic sphere are more popular than the ones within the operational sphere, with regard to both types of supply chains.


Green Lean Supply chain Social responsibility Sustainable development 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Logistics and TransportPoznań University of Economics and BusinessPoznańPoland

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