A Survey on Signal Processing Methods in Fiber Optic Sensor for Oxidized Carbon Steel

  • Nur Syakirah Mohd Jaafar
  • Izzatdin Abdul Aziz
  • Jafreezal Jaafar
  • Ahmad Kamil Mahmood
  • Abdul Rehman Gilal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 765)


This paper provides a broad overview of the adaptive methods for noise reduction used in the analysis of data in the different sensors such as acoustic emissions sensors, power quality signal analysis. The two algorithms are the Empirical Mode Decomposition and the Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition. We selected these two algorithms because our focus is on these methods. Firstly, this paper exhibits the inner workings of each algorithm both in the original authors’ intuition and the mathematical model utilized. Next, we discuss the advantages of each of the algorithms based on recent and credible research papers and articles. We also critically dissect the limitations of each algorithm. This paper aims to give a general understanding on these algorithms which we hope will spur more research in improving the field of signal processing in the fiber optic sensor for the oxidised carbon steel.


Signal processing Empirical Mode Decomposition Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition 



This work was supported by Development of Intelligent Pipeline Integrity Management System (I-PIMS) Grant Scheme from Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Syakirah Mohd Jaafar
    • 1
  • Izzatdin Abdul Aziz
    • 1
  • Jafreezal Jaafar
    • 1
  • Ahmad Kamil Mahmood
    • 1
  • Abdul Rehman Gilal
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Data ScienceUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceSukkur IBA UniversitySukkurPakistan

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