Leptin is a protein hormone that plays a key role in the regulation of energy balance and glucose homeostasis. Leptin and all leptin receptor isoforms are present in the carotid bodies, but its precise function in glucose regulation and metabolism is not yet known. The aim of this study was to determine whether exogenous leptin, microinjected into the commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (cNTS), preceding sodium cyanide (NaCN) injection into the circulatory isolated carotid sinus (ICS), in vivo, modifies hyperglycemic reflex (HR) and brain glucose retention (BGR). In anesthetized Wistar rats (sodium pentobarbital, i.p. 3.3 mg/100 g/saline, Pfizer, Mex), arterial and venous blood samples were collected from silastic catheters implanted in the abdominal aorta and jugular sinus. Exogenous leptin (50 ng/20 nL of aCSF) or leptin vehicle (20 nL of aCSF) microinjected (stereotaxically) into the cNTS 4 min before NaCN (5 μg/100 g/50 μL saline into ICS) (experimental 1 [E1] and control 1[C1] groups, respectively) significantly increased HR and BGR compared with their basal values, but the increase was bigger in the E1 group. When leptin or aCSF were injected into the cNTS before saline (E2 and C2 groups, respectively) glucose responses did not vary when compared with their basal levels. Leptin and its receptors in the cNTS cells probably contribute to their sensitization during hypoxia.
Brain glucose retention Carotid body chemoreceptors cNTS- hyperglycemic reflex Leptin
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Our work was supported by Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, México (CB20121-177047).
Conflict of Interest Statement
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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