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Ceramic Membranes: Theory and Engineering Applications

  • H. L. F. Magalhães
  • Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima
  • S. R. de Farias Neto
  • A. F. de Almeida
  • T. H. F. de Andrade
  • V. A. A. Brandão
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 93)

Abstract

Porous membranes are equipment used to separate different phases, restricting, totally or partially, the transport of one or more species present in a fluid solution. Separation processes can be classified in microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis Filtration using porous membranes has presented promising results in many industrial sectors, especially in water treatment. This chapter provides theoretical and experimental information about ceramic and polymer membranes, with particular reference to separation process. Herein, several topics related to this theme, such as, theory, experiments, macroscopic mathematical modeling, and technological applications are presented and well discussed. CFD simulations of the water/oil separation process using a tubular ceramic membrane have been performed. The study clarified the importance of the CFD technique to elucidate the fluid flow phenomena in porous membrane as used in liquid filtration processes.

Keywords

Membrane Separation process Filtration CFD simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for financial support provided by CNPq, CAPES and FINEP (Brazilian Research Agencies). We also acknowledge scientific support from the authors mentioned along this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. L. F. Magalhães
    • 1
  • Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima
    • 2
  • S. R. de Farias Neto
    • 1
  • A. F. de Almeida
    • 1
  • T. H. F. de Andrade
    • 3
  • V. A. A. Brandão
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringFederal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFederal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Petroleum EngineeringFederal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil

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