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Information Technology of the System Control of Water Use Within River Basins

  • Pavlo Kovalchuk
  • Hanna Balykhina
  • Roman Kovalenko
  • Olena Demchuk
  • Viacheslav Rozhon
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 754)

Abstract

One of the key problems of system control of water use is the flushing of river beds with the water from reservoirs. To control the process of flushing, an information technology has been developed. Under the conditions of sustainable development, it provides the optimization of water use and contributes to the ecological rehabilitation within the river basin. The combined operational control of the distribution of water masses and pollution transformation along the river bed is implemented by the balance method. The balance difference equations describe the dynamics of water in the upper and lower layers, its movement and enable to visualize the pollution process. Optimization of the options for operational control is based on a scenario analysis. Multicriteria optimization methods are used based on economic and environmental criteria. Water quality assessment was improved by using the neural network in the monitoring system. The neural network provides a feedback coupling within the control system.

The information technology is adapted to the conditions of water supply for irrigation providing the ecological rehabilitation of the Ingulets River. A scenario analysis of some options for flushing operational control was made. The scenarios are estimated by the economic criterion for saving water resources and the ecological criterion for river rehabilitation. The decision making is based on the Pareto principle. The recommended optimal scenario provides a water supply for the period of 7 days applying small portions of water to prevent pollution sedimentation within the flood plain. The displacement of the mineralized water lens is carried out with less water consumption. It enables to provide a regulatory water supply for irrigation.

Keywords

Information technology of system control Method of combined control Balance method of pollution distribution Neural networks Structure optimization Scenario analysis Pareto optimal solutions 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pavlo Kovalchuk
    • 1
  • Hanna Balykhina
    • 1
  • Roman Kovalenko
    • 1
  • Olena Demchuk
    • 2
  • Viacheslav Rozhon
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Water Problems and Land ReclamationNational Academy of Agrarian Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.National University of Water and Environmental EngineeringRivneUkraine
  3. 3.State Agency of Water Resources of UkraineKyivUkraine

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