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Will Democracy Survive Big Data and Artificial Intelligence?

  • Dirk HelbingEmail author
  • Bruno S. Frey
  • Gerd Gigerenzer
  • Ernst Hafen
  • Michael Hagner
  • Yvonne Hofstetter
  • Jeroen van den Hoven
  • Roberto V. Zicari
  • Andrej Zwitter
Chapter

Abstract

We are in the middle of a technological upheaval that will transform the way society is organized. We must make the right decisions now.

Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one’s understanding without guidance from another.

—Immanuel Kant, “What is Enlightenment?” (1784)

Keywords

Intelligent Beings Automatic Control Strategy Cybernetic Loop Applicable Data Protection Law Collective Intelligence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Big data, meet Big Brother: China invents the digital totalitarian state. The worrying implications of its social-credit project. The Economist (December 17, 2016)Google Scholar
  2. Frey, B.S., Gallus, J.: Beneficial and exploitative nudges. In: Economic analysis of law in European legal scholarship. Springer, Heidelberg (2015)Google Scholar
  3. Gigerenzer, G.: On the supposed evidence for libertarian paternalism. Review of Philosophy and Psychology. 6(3), S. 361–S. 383 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grassegger, H., Krogerus, M: Ich habe nur gezeigt, dass es die Bombe gibt [I have only shown the bomb exists]. Das Magazin (3. Dezember 2016). https://www.dasmagazin.ch/2016/12/03/ich-habe-nur-gezeigt-dass-es-die-bombe-gibt/
  5. Hafen, E., Kossmann, D., Brand, A.: Health data cooperatives—citizen empowerment. Methods of Information in Medicine. 53(2), S. 82–S. 86 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harris, S.: The Social Laboratory, Foreign Policy (29 July 2014). http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/07/29/the-social-laboratory/
  7. Helbing, D.: The automation of society is next: How to survive the digital revolution. CreateSpace, 2015Google Scholar
  8. Helbing, D.: Thinking ahead—Essays on big data, digital revolution, and participatory market society. Springer, Cham (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Helbing, D., Pournaras, E.: Build digital democracy. Nature. 527, S. 33–S. 34 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. van den Hoven, J., Vermaas, P.E., van den Poel, I.: Handbook of ethics, values and technological design. Springer, Dordrecht (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Volodymyr, M., Kavukcuoglu, K., Silver, D., et al.: Human-level control through deep reinforcement learning. Nature. 518, S. 529–S. 533 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Tong, V.J.C.: Predicting how people think and behave, International Innovation, http://www.internationalinnovation.com/predicting-how-people-think-and-behave/
  13. Zicari, R., Zwitter, A.: Data for humanity: An open letter. Frankfurt Big Data Lab, 13.07.2015. Zwitter, A.: Big Data Ethics. In: Big Data & Society 1(2), 2014Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Helbing
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Bruno S. Frey
    • 4
  • Gerd Gigerenzer
    • 5
  • Ernst Hafen
    • 1
  • Michael Hagner
    • 1
  • Yvonne Hofstetter
    • 6
  • Jeroen van den Hoven
    • 2
  • Roberto V. Zicari
    • 7
  • Andrej Zwitter
    • 8
  1. 1.ETH ZurichZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.TU DelftDelftNetherlands
  3. 3.Complexity Science HubViennaAustria
  4. 4.University of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  5. 5.Max Planck Institute for Human DevelopmentBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Teramark TechnologiesZollingGermany
  7. 7.Goethe University Frankfurt/MainFrankfurtGermany
  8. 8.University of GroningenGroningenNetherlands

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