A Sustainable CSR Instrument for the Brazilian Mining Sector

  • Renato G. FlôresJrEmail author
Part of the CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance book series (CSEG)


We develop a double proposal: a shift in the COP (Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) efforts and output coupled with a deeper and more effective incorporation of the sustainability dimension in CSR. The mining sector in Brazil is the testing field for this endeavour, through specially designed corporate codes of conduct for the sector. The shift amounts to giving room to bottom-up agreements in which the Conference would exert a co-ordinating role, the measures being meaningless without the full engagement of the related actors. The codes of conduct follow a flexible and customised structure for answering sustainability demands. The methodology can be applied to a variety of significant groups of actors and situations; it can also be a factor for enlarging the scope of CSR instruments, bringing, at the side of traditional dimensions like labour and concerns for the communities involved, an explicit sustainability dimension. The approach can be spread to other countries and partners, enlarging its positive externalities and providing grounds for improvements and complements.


COP21 Bottom up measures Brazil Mining sector Sustainability Corporate social responsibility Corporate codes of conduct 



This Chapter draws on work made for a GIZ/EPF (Germany) funded project, on ways to engage the productive sector on the climate change debate, conducted by FGV/International Intelligence Unit. I thank, for different reasons, Betina Sachsse, Daniel Taras and Flávio B. Guimarães; as well as the book referees for extremely careful work. The Author is however solely responsible for all ideas and statements in the text, which do not express the viewpoints of any institution or another person(s).


  1. Ayittey, G. (2005). Africa unchained: The blueprint for development. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cottier, T. (2015). Renewable energy and process and production methods. Think piece, E15 expert group on measures to address climate change and the trade system. Geneva: ICTSD and World Economic Forum.Google Scholar
  3. Drummond, M. C. F. P. D., & Flôres, R. G., Jr. (2014, November). Engaging the productive sector in the climate change negotiations (Working Paper 18/14), Climate. Paris: SciencesPo/IDDRI.Google Scholar
  4. Easterly, W. (2001). The elusive quest for growth. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Easterly, W. (2006). The white man’s burden. New York: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  6. Jenkins, R. (2001). Corporate codes of conduct: Self-regulation in a global economy (UNRISD Programme on Technology, Business and Society: Paper Number 2). Geneva: United Nations Research Institute on Social Development.Google Scholar
  7. Keohane, R. O., & Victor, D. (2015). After the failure of top-down mandates: The role of experimental governance in climate change policy. In S. Barrett, C. Carraro, & J. de Melo (Eds.), Towards a workable and effective climate regime. Downloaded at:
  8. Kline, J. (1985). International codes and multinational business: Setting guidelines for international business operations. Westport: Quorum Books.Google Scholar
  9. Macedo, D., Mori, R., Jr., & Mizusaki, A. M. P. (2017). Sustainability strategies for dimension stones industry based on northwest region of Espírito Santo state, Brazil. Resources Policy, 52, 207–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Moyo, D. (2009). Dead aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa. Great Britain: Allen Lane (Penguin Books).Google Scholar
  11. OECD. (2000). Codes of conduct: An expanded review of their contents (Working Party of the Trade Committee, TD/TC/WP (99)56/Final). Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  12. Rajamani, L. (2014). The Warsaw climate negotiations: Emerging understandings and battle lines on the road to the 2015 climate agreement. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 63(03), 721–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sousa, R., Veiga, M., Van Zyl, D., Telmer, K., Spiegel, S., & Selder, J. (2011). Policies and regulations for Brazil’s artisanal gold mining sector: Analysis and recommendations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19, 742–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sunstein, C. R. (2007). Of Montreal and Kyoto: A tale of two protocols. Harvard Environmental Law Review, 31(1), 1–65.Google Scholar
  15. Veiga, J. E. (2013). The global disgovernance of sustainability. São Paulo: Anadarco Editora.Google Scholar
  16. Vieira, L. (2015). COP21: sucesso diplomático, fracasso climático. ECO-21, XXV(229), 15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Intelligence Unit (IIU/NPII), Fundação Getulio VargasRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Graduate School of Economics (EPGE)Rio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations