‘Rio+25’, The Global Compact in Brazil and Opportunities Presented by the UN Sustainable Development Goals
This chapter highlights the significance of creativity, innovation and collaboration in the development of sustainable solutions; and the role and mindset of the eco and social entrepreneur in enterprise and entrepreneurship education. Several research questions are posed: what is the history of CSR in Brazil? What current CSR issues are being faced in Brazil? Can tools such as the UN SDGs provide a way of bridging any gaps in CSR provision? What implications are there for ecosystem development in support of CSR? The methodology is thus based on literature review, case analysis, and conceptual overview focussing on instrumental approaches. The chapter concludes that ecosystems need to evolve to ensure that Higher Education Institutions develop and support the necessary eco and social entrepreneurial mindsets needed for sustainable innovation.
KeywordsCSR in Brazil UN Global Compact UN SDGs Sustainable innovation Eco & social entrepreneurship Ecosystems development
Grateful acknowledgement is made by the author to the following organisations whose narrative and images have been used in the production of this chapter.
Sustainia is based in Copenhagen, Denmark, and is part of Monday Morning, Scandinavia’s largest independent innovation house. Sustainia describes itself as a world leader in navigating the new market opportunities for the Sustainable Development Goals; and its mission is to innovate the business models of the future. The Sustainia100 Advisory Board 2014 consisted of 21 experts from 11 international research organisations including: Ellen MacArthur Foundation; EPEA Internationale; European Environment Agency; International Federation for Housing and Planning; Natural Resources Defence Council; Nordic Fashion Council; Norwegian University of Life Sciences; United Nations World Food Programme; University of California, Berkeley; World Resources Institute; World Wildlife Foundation. The Advisory Board for 2015 also included: Acumen Fund; Blood Orange Consulting; Climate-KIK; Copenhagen Institute on Risk & Sustainability; Cornell University; Fashion Institute of Technology; Federal University of Parana; Yale University. The Advisory Board for 2016 also included: C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; Indian Institute of Science; Kytabu.
The UN Global Compact Network in Brazil produced the case study information on Corruption; Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment; Water and Sanitation; Food and Agriculture Business.
DNV GL produced the text and images referring to global risks and opportunities 2017.
Thanks also go to Carolina Molinari, PhD Student—Responsible Management and Sustainable Development, Kingston University, Faculty of Business & Law, for reviewing the chapter and correcting the Portuguese.
- Annan-Diab, F., & Molinari, C. (2017). Interdisciplinarity: Practical approach to advancing education for sustainability and for the sustainable development goals. International Journal of Management Education, 15(2), 73–83.Google Scholar
- Ashridge/Hult. (2016). https://primetime.unprme.org/2016/08/16/integrating-the-sdgs-into-prme-sip-reports/
- Banco do Brasil. (2015). The equator principles. http://www.bb.com.br/docs/pub/siteEsp/uds/dwn/PrincEquadIng.pdf
- DNV GL. (2017). Global opportunity report. With the UN Global Compact and Sustainia.Google Scholar
- Economist. (2013). The rights and wrongs of Belo Monte. http://www.economist.com/news/americas/21577073-having-spent-heavily-make-worlds-third-biggest-hydroelectric-project-greener-brazil
- Global Compact. (2015). Activity report 2015. https://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/publications/UNGC_2015_Activity_Report.pdf
- Global Compact Network Brazil. (2017). A global compact for sustainable development. Business and the sustainable development goals: acting responsibly and finding opportunities. https://www.unglobalcompact.org/
- Greenpeace International. (2012). Belo Monte Dam Project. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/multimedia/slideshows/Belo-Monte-Dam-Project-2/
- Guardian. (2016a). Belo Monte dam operations delayed by Brazil court ruling on indigenous people. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/15/brazil-belos-monte-dam-delay-court-indigenous-people
- Guardian. (2016b). Brazil Amazon dam project suspended over concerns for indigenous people. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/apr/22/brazil-amazon-dam-project-suspended-indigenous-munduruku-sao-luiz-do-tapajos
- HESI. (2012, 2017). Higher education sustainability initiative. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdinaction/hesi
- IARU. (2017). Green guide for universities. International Association of Research Universities.Google Scholar
- ISO. (2014). https://www.iso.org/news/2014/09/Ref1889.html
- ISO. (2017). 26000 – Social responsibility. International Organization for Standardization. https://www.iso.org/iso-26000-social-responsibility.html
- Latin Trade. (2017). http://latintrade.com/csr-brazil%e2%80%99s-csr-leaders/
- Mader, C., & Rammel, C., (2014). Transforming higher education for sustainable development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/621564Mader_Rammel_Transforming%20Higher%20Education%20for%20Sustainable%20Development.pdf
- Moon, C. J., (2013). Where are all the Ecopreneurs? The development of a construct for Eco-entrepreneurship. Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE) 2013 Annual Conference.Google Scholar
- Moon, C. J., (2014). Enterprise & entrepreneurship education: implications for innovation in delivery. Enterprise Education track of the Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE) 2014 Annual Conference.Google Scholar
- Moon, C. J., (2016). Green universities & eco-friendly learning: from league tables to eco-entrepreneurship education, PRME EBEN UK Annual Conference, The Development of Responsible and Sustainable Business Practice: Habits, Mindsets and Business Models, Nottingham.Google Scholar
- Moon, C. J., Walmsley, A., & Apostolopoulos, N. (2018). Governance implications of the UN higher education sustainability initiative. Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society. https://doi.org/10.1108/CG-01-2018-0020.
- NEE. (2016, April). Netherlands Enterprise Agency, Corporate social responsibility in Brazil.Google Scholar
- Rivers International. (2017). https://www.internationalrivers.org/campaigns/belo-monte-dam
- Sanchez-Rodriguez, J. A., (2014). Mapping CSR in Brazil: The context for emergence and promoting institutions. Spain: UNED. ISSN 1678-7145.Google Scholar
- Sustainable development goals. http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/
- Sustainia100. (2014). https://issuu.com/sustainia/docs/sustaini100_2014
- Sustainia100. (2015). https://issuu.com/sustainia/docs/sustainia100_2015
- Sustainia100. (2016). https://issuu.com/sustainia/docs/sustainia100_2016
- The Equator Principles. (2017). http://www.equator-principles.com/
- United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 1992. (2012). https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/rio20/futurewewant