Advertisement

The Topographic Survey of the Netherlands East Indies, Batavia 1864–1950

  • Ferjan OrmelingEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

In 1864 the mapping brigades of the Royal Netherlands Indies Army were given separate status directly under the General Staff, and this was later regarded as the starting point of the Topographic Survey of the Netherlands East Indies. They started with the systematic survey of Java, to produce a topographic map series 1:100,000. By 1886 this had been completed, in combination with a land-use survey, and the surveys of the outer isles started. Because of its advanced reproduction process, this map series fetched more prizes at world exhibitions than any other map product before WWI. Reactions by the army, were less positive, but around 1900 a better terrain representation, a more sensible sheet subdivision and timelier provision of map material had been effectuated. In the twentieth century a training brigade, a triangulation brigade and from the 1920s onwards a photogrammetry brigade were added, signs of an increasing professionalization. In 1939, when the 75th anniversary of the Survey was celebrated, large scale topographic maps at scales larger than or equal to 1:100,000 had been produced for all of the archipelago, with the exception of the scarcely inhabited primeval jungle in Borneo and New Guinea. By 1946 the Survey was under Dutch control again, after the Japanese intermezzo, but due to wartime activities on Java, only mapping programmes on the outer Islands were engaged in. In June 1950, the Survey was transferred to the Indonesian authorities.

References

  1. Atlas van Tropisch Nederland (1938). Produced by Royal Netherlands Geographical Society, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. Enthoven JJK (1903) Geographie van Borneo’s Westerafdeeling, vols 2. E.J. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  3. Enthoven JJK (1906) Jaarverslag van den Topographischen Dienst in Nederlandsch-Indië over 1905. Eerste jaargang. Batavia (annual report of the Topographic survey)Google Scholar
  4. Havenga WS (1883) Geographische, topographische en kadastrale dienst in Nederlandsch-Indië. In: Indische Gids, vol 1, pp 507–530Google Scholar
  5. Hooghoff P, Ormeling FJ (2005) Wilhelm Linnemann: ervaringen bij het karteren van Nederlands-Indië, 1926–1936. In: Caert-Thresoor, vol 24, no 1, pp 14–34Google Scholar
  6. Jaarverslag van den Topographischen Dienst in Nederlandsch-Indië 1905–1939 (Batavia, 1906–1940) (Annual reports of the Topographical Survey in the Netherlands East Indies)Google Scholar
  7. Lemster JC (1942) J.B. van Heutsz als gouverneur-generaal. Patria serie. Van Kampen, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  8. Pannekoek AJ (1938a) Nederlands-Indië en de Internationale Wereldkaart. In: Tijdschrift van het Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, vol 2. LV, pp. 178–195Google Scholar
  9. Pannekoek AJ (1938b) Het weergeven van de plaatsen op de topografische overzichtskaarten. In: Jaarverslag van de Topografische Dienst in Nederlands-Indië over 1937. Batavia, pp 90–114Google Scholar
  10. Pannekoek AJ (1940) Nieuwe schetskaarten van Nederlands-Indië. In: Jaarverslag van de Topografische Dienst in Nederlands-Indië 1939. Batavia, pp 101–119Google Scholar
  11. Staveren MT van (1939) Vijfenzeventig jaren Topografie in Nederlands-Indië. Jubilee edition with introduction by M.T. van Staveren. Topografische Dienst, BataviaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations