A Potential Reuse of Greywater in Developed and Developing Countries

  • Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed
  • Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi
  • Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim
  • Anda Martin
  • Stewart Dallas
  • Mohd Hairul Bin Khamidun
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 87)


The interest in greywater reuse as an alternative water supply is increasing in most part of the World. In Perth, Western Australia (WA), an industrial association to promote greywater reuse named Grey Water Industry Group (GWIG) has been established. Malaysia is a country seemingly endowed with abundant water resources with an annual average rainfall of more than 2000 mm. Despite its high rainfall and water resources compared to other regions in the world, Malaysia still suffers water problems (both excesses and deficits). The present work describes the suitability of greywater reuse in water supply strategy and wastewater management in Malaysia in comparison to that applied in Australia. Greywater should not be seen as a waste product, but as a valuable resource in wastewater management. Based on the comparison study between Australia and Malaysia, it appeared that the adoption of greywater treatment in Malaysia is more feasible and meaningful than the reuse approach, which creates problems in some instances when the greywater system is inappropriately designed for the type of environment. However, proper legislation, awareness and environmental considerations in terms of geochemistry characteristics, selection of the treatment method and the need for a paradigm shift are essential keys to ensuring optimum utilization of greywater as a future water resource in Malaysia.


Greywater management Greywater Malaysia Perth Water resources 



The authors wish to thank the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) for supporting this research under FRGS vot 1574 and also the Research Management Centre (RMC) UTHM for providing grant IGSP U682 for this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed
    • 1
  • Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi
    • 1
  • Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim
    • 1
  • Anda Martin
    • 2
  • Stewart Dallas
    • 2
  • Mohd Hairul Bin Khamidun
    • 1
  1. 1.Micro-Pollutant Research Centre (MPRC), Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)Parit Raja, Batu PahatMalaysia
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering, School of EngineeringMurdoch UniversityPerthAustralia

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