Removal of Nutrients from Meat Processing Wastewater Through the Phycoremediation Process

  • A. S. Vikneswara
  • Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed
  • Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi
  • Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim
  • Norzila Othman
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 87)


Wastewater from slaughterhouses and meat processing factories are normally assessed in terms of mass parameters due to the specific amounts of wastewater and pollutant load parallel to the animals slaughtered or processed that differ from the meat processing industry. Normally, this type of wastewater contains significant amounts of total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). The present chapter aims to highlight the characteristics of meat processing wastewater and the effect of the direct disposal of these wastes on the environment. Moreover, the potential of the phycoremediation process using microalgae species to remove nutrients in terms of total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) from the meat processing wastewater was reviewed. The role of a biokinetic study in determining the specific removal rate of nutrient by microalgae was also discussed.


Biokinetic models Characteristics Removal Treatment Meat processing wastewater 



The authors also wish to thank The Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) for supporting this research under E-Science Fund (02-01-13-SF0135) and also the Research Management Centre (RMC) UTHM under grant IGSP U682 for this research.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Vikneswara
    • 1
  • Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed
    • 1
  • Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi
    • 1
  • Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim
    • 1
  • Norzila Othman
    • 1
  1. 1.Micro-Pollutant Research Centre (MPRC), Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)Parit Raja, Batu PahatMalaysia

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