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The Self-Made City—Urban Living and Alternative Development Models

  • Kristien Ring
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores how citizens self-commission high-density urban housing through a type of building cooperative coined Baugruppe in Germany. The Baugruppe model increases choice and lowers costs, fosters cohesive neighborhoods and enables adaptable, customized, living solutions for families. Owner-occupied, self-initiated projects in a self-made city successfully balance density, urbanity, social qualities, and individuality and are examples of sustainable, resilient, urban development. Whereas there is no typical model, common strategies and legal forms are demonstrated in hundreds of newer examples. The German Baugruppe has a long tradition and, throughout Europe, cities are adapting policies to facilitate alternative development models. Ultimately, self-made projects have the potential to increase the quality, affordability, and viability of urban living while contributing to the sustainability of the city.

Keywords

Baugruppe Urban co-housing Sustainable urban development Urban living Owner-occupied development Self-initiated projects Self-made city 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristien Ring
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Architecture and Community DesignUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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