Decentralization Fever

  • Julian BolleterEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


This chapter covers the period between 1970 and 1975 when it appeared likely that Australia would begin a national-scale program of population decentralization and new city building under the Gough Whitlam Federal Labor Government. In 1972, the newly established Department of Urban and Regional Development actively pursued plans to develop three effectively new cities: Monarto in South Australia, Bathurst–Orange in New South Wales and Albury–Wodonga on the Victoria–New South Wales border. Proponents intended that these new cities would alleviate pressure on the capital cities that they considered overcrowded and deteriorating in both aesthetics and efficiency. Complementing this federal government effort, at the state level, was planning to establish new population centers in the Pilbara region for the Western Australian state government. This chapter traces the new and boosted city propositions that emerged in this period and identifies key barriers to their implementation such as the continued livability of existing state capital cities and centralizing economic forces.


New cities Decentralization Department of Urban and Regional Development Gough Whitlam The Pilbara Albury–Wodonga Monarto Shay gap 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Urban Design Research CentreUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

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