Creating a Rural Civilization

  • Julian BolleterEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


This chapter scopes the early to mid-twentieth century period (1901–1945) in which Australians strove to create a “rural civilization.” The fantasy that propelled this proposed civilization was that Australia might one day support a rural population of hundreds of millions. This, the proponents of the “garden city” model suggested, would deliver both physical and social health benefits while bolstering Australia’s defenses with a healthy “country-raised” population. The numerous new city proposals that emerged following the Second World War included a scheme to build cities around a permanently flooded Lake Eyre and dotted along vast railway networks circumscribing Australia’s arid interior. All these proposals floundered, however, because of the harsh realities of Australia’s interior and the enduring tyranny of distance. Added to this was the dominance and livability of the existing capital cities on the coast.


New cities Rural civilization Decentralization Garden cities Rural towns Australia unlimited Temporary towns 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Urban Design Research CentreUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

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