Energy Resources of the Caspian Sea: The Role of Regional and Trans-regional Powers in Its Legal Regime

  • Dayyan Janbaaz
  • Mehrdad Fallah


The Caspian Sea is the largest body of closed water between Asia and Europe. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, which brought entirely new conditions, it is also one of the most important regions in the world in terms of geopolitical strategy. Consequently, regional and international competition has intensified, creating regional conflicts and instability accompanied by significant levels of insecurity. Notably, various ambiguities attend the Caspian Sea’s legal regime and have thereby complicated efforts to exploit the region’s oil and gas resources. Moreover, environmental issues plague expansionist approaches with a lack of cooperative accords among littoral and trans-regional powers, which have contributed to poorly synchronised activities in addition to a failure to properly allot border demarcations. Focusing on the effective components of these challenges, the authors outline regional energy resources and descriptively analyse local and trans-regional influences on the Caspian Sea’s legal regime.


Caspian sea Legal regime Geopolitics Energy resources Regional and trans-regional powers Caspian borders 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hadishahr UnitPayam-e Nour UniversityBabolsarIran
  2. 2.University of MazandaranBabolsarIran

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