Evolution of the Post-soviet Caspian Sea Legal Regime

  • Abdollah Baei Lashaki
  • Masoumeh Rad Goudarzi


Despite more than two decades since the collapse of the Soviet Union and several conventions and meetings, Caspian littoral countries have been unable to agree on the Sea’s legal regime. Geography, self-allocations of coastal regions, the race to develop massive oil and gas reserves, and the presence of trans-regional powers have all contributed to disparate views on possession and the determination of boundary lines. This chapter reviews successive agreements between Iran and both the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. This is then followed by a discussion of sundry reasons for the failure of littoral countries to reach a consensus on a new legal regime with a special focus given to political and economic competition between regional and trans-regional players.


Caspian Sea Legal regime Legal status Caspian Sea littoral states Energy resources Caspian Sea cooperation organization 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law, Applied Art and Culture CenterScience—Education UniversityNowshahrIran
  2. 2.Department of Political Science, Faculty of Literature and HumanitiesUniversity of Guilan‎RashtIran

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