Introduction: The Russian Heartland Versus the British World Island

  • Mansoureh Ebrahimi
  • Saikou Kawsu Gassama
  • Kamaruzaman Yusoff


The themes discussed hold meaningful connections between geography, state power (economic, military and political) and political decision-making in the scramble between Russia and Britain to control and delineate Persian territory. The objective of our introduction is to examine political geography within the context of nineteenth-century colonial contests for power, influence, territory and resources.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mansoureh Ebrahimi
    • 1
  • Saikou Kawsu Gassama
    • 1
  • Kamaruzaman Yusoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Islamic CivilizationUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

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