Basic Epidemiology Concepts Relevant in Contact Urticaria

  • Jose Hernán AlfonsoEmail author
Part of the Updates in Clinical Dermatology book series (UCD)


Epidemiology is concerned with public health and prevention. Immediate-contact reactions such as contact urticaria are common in general medicine, dermatology, and occupational medicine. Although accurate epidemiological data on contact urticaria are scarce, the Global Burden of Disease Project 2016 shows that urticaria is among the ten leading skin and subcutaneous diseases with highest prevalence, incidence, and morbidity measured by terms of years lived with disability and disability-adjusted life-years.


Urticaria Prevalence Incidence Global burden YLDs DALYs 

List of Abbreviations

95% UI

95% uncertainty intervals


Disability-adjusted life-years

GBD 2016

Global Burden of Disease 2016 Project


Years lived with disability



The author is grateful to the Global Burden of Disease 2016 Project and [7] Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington, for providing the permission to reproduce the figures presented in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Occupational Medicine and EpidemiologyNational Institute of Occupational HealthOsloNorway

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