Controls on Cyclic Sedimentation Within the Neoproterozoic Sirbu Shale, Vindhyan Basin, Central India

  • Pradip SamantaEmail author
  • Soumik Mukhopadhyay
  • Sunipa Mandal
  • Subir Sarkar
Part of the Society of Earth Scientists Series book series (SESS)


The present paper dwells upon high frequency lower orders cycles from the Neoproterozoic Sirbu Shale, Vindhyan Supergroup, central India, and aims to extract their causal factors. The Sirbu Shale, characterized by a transgressive lag at its base, is bounded between the coastal playa sediments of the underlying Lower Bhander Sandstone and the marginal marine to fluvial sediments of the overlying Upper Bhander Sandstone. The study focuses on the upper part of the Sirbu Shale that initiates with a thick pyrite rich shale, without bearing any wave features, representing the maximum marine flooding zone (MFZ). Lithofacies analysis suggests a storm dominated outer shelf to foreshore-beach setting. Lithofacies and lithofacies successions interpreted in terms of sequence srtartigraphic framework, suggests that the studied interval represents a shallowing upward prograding succession, designated as a Highstand Systems Tract (HST). Intrinsic studies unravel that the interval incorporates two different orders of high frequency cyclicities, in terms of parasequence and parasequence sets. The parasequences are genetically related shoaling-upward successions bounded by marine flooding surfaces and are mostly formed by autocyclic processes. Nonetheless, the parasequences towards the basal part of the interval shows evidences of geostrophic flows. The parasequence sets, encompassing two to five parasequences, are composed of relatively higher order genetically related shoaling-upward successions. The conspicuous existence of soft-sediment deformational structures at top of each parasequence sets are laterally correlatable. The role of tectonics might have been significant in creating the accommodation space and thereby controlling the cyclic sedimentation as exemplified from the studied interval of the Sirbu Shale.


Neoproterozoic Sirbu shale Cyclic sedimentation Parasequence Parasequence sets Sag basin Tectonics 



PS gratefully acknowledges the financial support received from UGC minor project scheme. SM acknowledges the financial support received from UPE Programme—2, Jadavpur University. All the authors acknowledge their respective Departments for the infrastructural help.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradip Samanta
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Soumik Mukhopadhyay
    • 3
  • Sunipa Mandal
    • 3
  • Subir Sarkar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeologyDurgapur Government CollegeDurgapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeologyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia
  3. 3.Department of Geological SciencesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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