Provenance and Tectonic Setting of the Proterozoic Clastic Rocks of the Kerur Formation, Badami Group, Mohare Area, Karnataka, India

  • K. Velmurugan
  • J. MadhavarajuEmail author
  • V. Balaram
  • A. Ramachandran
  • S. Ramasamy
  • E. Ramirez-Montoya
  • J. C. Saucedo-Samaniego
Part of the Society of Earth Scientists Series book series (SESS)


The clastic rocks of the Kerur Formation Group were analyzed for major, trace and rare earth elements to infer the tectonic settings and provenance signatures. The lithology of the Kerur Formation includes basal arenite (BA), lower conglomerate (LC), quartz arenite (QA) and upper conglomerate (UC). The CIA and PIA values and A–CN–K diagram indicate a moderate to intense chemical weathering for the clastic rocks of the Kerur Formation. The bivariate plot and multidimensional diagram based on major-trace elements suggesting the clastic rocks were derived mainly from the passive margin setting. A silicic source for clastic rocks of the Kerur Formation is indicated by higher ratios of SiO2/Al2O3, ΣLREE/ΣHREE, elemental ratios, bivariate and ternary plots. REE patterns and Eu anomalies support that TTG (Tonalite-Trondhjemite gneiss), granodiorite, granitic rocks of the Dharwar Craton and the basement rock (schist) of the Kaladgi-Badami Basin could be the source rocks for the Kerur Formation. REE modeling suggests that the average composition of the Kerur Formation represents a mixture of sediments derived from a provenance consisting of 40% TTG, 30% granite, 20% granodiorite and 10% schist.


Geochemistry Provenance Tectonic setting Badami Group India 



The authors thank UGC (No: F./PDFSS-2013-14-SC-TAM-5682 dated 7.7.2014) and DAE-BRNS (No. 2008/36/41-BRNS/1969 dated 14/11/2008) for financial support for the project. They are indebted to the Director, AMD, Hyderabad and Regional Director, Dr. A. K. Rai, AMD, Bangalore for various help. We also thank Dr. Nagaraj, Dr. Panneerselvam, Mr. Natarajan, Mr. Nagendra Kumar, and Dr. K. T. Singh, Scientists of AMD-Bangalore, for their help during field work in Mohare site.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Velmurugan
    • 1
  • J. Madhavaraju
    • 2
    Email author
  • V. Balaram
    • 3
  • A. Ramachandran
    • 4
  • S. Ramasamy
    • 1
  • E. Ramirez-Montoya
    • 5
  • J. C. Saucedo-Samaniego
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Geology, School of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Estación Regional del Noroeste, Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoHermosilloMexico
  3. 3.Geochemistry DivisionNational Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabadIndia
  4. 4.Department of GeologyAnna University ChennaiChennaiIndia
  5. 5.Posgrado en Ciencias de la Tierra, Estación Regional del Noroeste, Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoHermosilloMexico

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