Advertisement

The Death of Objectivism: Constructivism and Implication

  • John G. Fitch
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine book series (PLSM)

Abstract

This chapter discusses objectivism as associated particularly with Descartes and Newton, and later with Logical Positivism. It argues that objectivism, with its rigid separation between the observer and the observed world, was inimical to the poetry of knowledge. It then traces the death of objectivism in the twentieth century, and its replacement by various forms of constructivism, i.e. the belief that any observation is a construction, made from a certain viewpoint. This situation re-opens the possibility of a poetry of knowledge.

Keywords

Objectivism Descartes Newton Logical Positivism Constructivism Science Wars 

References

  1. Berman, Morris. 1984. The Reenchantment of the World. New York: Bantam.Google Scholar
  2. Fara, Patricia. 2009. Science: A Four Thousand Year History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Franzén, Torkel. 2005. Gödel’s Theorem: An Incomplete Guide to Its Use and Abuse. Wellesley, MA: A K Peters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gould, Stephen Jay. 1987. An Urchin in the Storm. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  5. Grosholz, Emily. 2001. Poetry and Science in America. In The Measured Word: On Poetry and Science, ed. Kurt Brown, 69–89. Athens and London: University of Georgia Press.Google Scholar
  6. Gross, Alan G. 1990. The Rhetoric of Science. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hanson, N.R. 1958. Patterns of Discovery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Hawking, Stephen W., and Leonard Mlodinow. 2010. The Grand Design. New York: Bantam.Google Scholar
  9. Hayles, N. Katherine. 1984. The Cosmic Web: Scientific Field Models and Literary Strategies in the Twentieth Century. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hayles, N. Katherine. 1990. Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Heisenberg, Werner. 1958. Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  12. Johnson, Mark. 1987. The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Keller, Evelyn Fox. 1992. Secrets of Life, Secrets of Death: Essays on Language, Gender and Science. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Keller, Evelyn Fox, and Elisabeth A. Lloyd (eds.). 1998. Keywords in Evolutionary Biology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Kuhn, Thomas S. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  16. Labinger, Jay A., and Harry Collins (eds.). 2001. The One Culture? A Conversation About Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Myers, Greg. 1990. Writing Biology. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  18. Wilner, Eleanor. 1984. Shekhinah. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

Personalised recommendations