Parental Violence, Deprivation and Migrant Background

  • Dirk EnzmannEmail author
  • Ilka Kammigan


This chapter uses the third sweep of the International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD3) to explore the prevalence and predictors of parental violence against children. Using the 27 countries in the 2017 dataset of ISRD3, it shows very wide variations across country. Clear correlations also emerged across country between the prevalence of parental physical punishment and that of more serious physical abuse. The hypothesized relationships between parental use of violence and poverty and deprivation (measured by the Human Development Index) were not initially found. However, migrant status was clearly a significant predictor, and when this was taken into account in analysis, a correlation between parental violence and HDI scores becomes visible. The chapter used data from a subproject of ISRD3, Understanding and Preventing Youth Crime (UPYC), to test different hypotheses for the higher rates of parental violence. Support was found both for the importation hypothesis and the deprivation hypothesis. It was expected that the predictive effect of migrant status would disappear when deprivation variables were included in the analysis. However, controlling for deprivation attenuated the relationship between migrant status and use of parental violence but did not make it disappear completely—offering some support for both competing hypotheses.


Parenting style Poverty Migration Youth victimization International schools surveys 



We are grateful to the five funding councils of France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA, who made an award for this work under the Open Research Area programme. The first author’s institution was supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG): EN 490/1-1.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law, Institute of Criminal SciencesUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Helmut-Schmidt-UniversityHamburgGermany

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