Anyone involved in animal research knows the three R’s—Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. Russell and Burch introduced these groundbreaking principles more than sixty years ago; now, it is time for a reassessment with the aim of improving the ways in which we conduct animal research. The opening chapter lays out the basic premise and perspectives of the book, with brief previews of the chapters.
KeywordsAnimal research Animal ethics Guiding principles
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