The Marginalization of the OSCE
The eighth chapter briefly describes the decline of the OSCE—the largest security organization in the Euro-Atlantic area, encompassing 57 states, and disposing of unique, so-called soft security ensuring instruments. This process was due to the dominant position in the entire system of NATO, an institution with hard security guarantees. Attempts to revive the OSCE were undertaken in 2010 at the Astana Summit, and then during the Ukraine crisis, in which the OSCE, as the sole multilateral institution, played a modest role in the monitoring of the cease-fire agreements concluded in Minsk in 2014 and 2015. The OSCE still has a chance of playing a greater role in the shaping of the Euro-Atlantic security system, but this would require an agreement between its principal participants, especially the western countries and Russia.
- Astana Commemorative Declaration. (2010). Towards a security community, organization for security and co-operation in Europe. Summit Meeting, Astana 2010, December 3, 2010, doc. SUM.DOC/1/10/Corr.1*, http://www.osce.org/mc/74985?download=true. Accessed on January 27, 2018.
- Back to diplomacy: Final report and recommendations of the panel of eminent persons on European security as a common project. Belgrade: Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project, November 2015. http://www.osce.org/networks/205846?download=true. Accessed on January 27, 2018.
- Charter for European Security. OSCE, Istambul, November 1999.Google Scholar
- Charter of Paris for a New Europe. OSCE, Paris 1991.Google Scholar
- Deacaux, E. (1994). CSCE institutional issues at the Budapest Conference. Helsinki Monitor, 5(3), 18–26.Google Scholar
- Deutsch, K. W., et al. (1957). Political community and the North Atlantic Area: International organization in the light of historical experience. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Dunay, P., & Herd, G. P. (2010). Redesigning Europe? The pitfalls and the promises of the European security treaty initiative. OSCE Yearbook 2009, 15, 77–98. Baden-Baden: Nomos, IFSH.Google Scholar
- Ghebali, V.-I. (1989). La diplomatie de la détente: la CSCE d’Helsinki à Vienne (1973–1989). Bruxelles: Éditions Émile Bruylant.Google Scholar
- Giscard d’Estaing, V. (1995). Le commencement de tout. Politique internationale, 68, 43–48.Google Scholar
- Grudziński, P., & Pietrusiewicz, J. (2001). Building a modern security community in the area from Vancouver to Vladivostok. Bezpieczeństwo Narodowe, 19, 51–62.Google Scholar
- Haltzel, M. (2016, April 27). Sticking to the rules: The United States view on strengthening the OSCE. Helsinki: The Finnish Institute of International Affairs.Google Scholar
- Heraclides, A. (1993a). Security and co-operation in Europe: The human dimension, 1972–1992. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
- Heraclides, A. (1993b). Helsinki-II and its aftermath: The making of the CSCE into an international organization. London: Pinter Publishers.Google Scholar
- Informacja Rządu na temat polskiej polityki zagranicznej w 2006 roku. Wystąpienie Ministra (Government information about polish foreign polish in 2006, Minister’s speech). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw, February 15, 2006.Google Scholar
- Kanet, R. (Ed.). (2010). Russian foreign policy in the 21st century (pp. 181–203). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Karaganov, C. (2010, July 9). Soyuz Yevropy: posledniyshans? (Union of Europe: The last chance?). Rossiyskaya gazeta, 5229 (Federal Issue, 150).Google Scholar
- Karaganov, S., & Bordachev, T. (2009, December 8–10). Towards a new Euro-Atlantic security architecture. Report of the Russian Experts for the Valdai Discussion Club Conference, London, Moscow. https://docgo.net/towards-a-new-euro-atlantic-security-architecture-report-of-the-russian-experts-for-the-valdai-discussion-club-conference. Accessed on January 27, 2018.
- Kokkinides, T. (1995). L’OSCE: une opportunité perdu pour la sécurité européenne? Relations internationales et stratégiques, 18, 89–99.Google Scholar
- Kortunov, S. V. (Ed.). (2010). Mirovaya politika v usloviyakh krizisa. Moscow: Aspekt Press.Google Scholar
- Kovács, L. (1994). The institutionalization of the CSCE. Studia diplomatica, XLVII(4), 87–90.Google Scholar
- Kozyrev, A. V. (1994). Russia and NATO: A partnership for a united and peaceful Europe. NATO Review, 42(4), 3–6.Google Scholar
- Lehne, S. (1991). The Vienna meeting of the conference on security and cooperation in Europe, 1986–1989: A turning point in East–West relations. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Lisbon Declaration on a Common and Comprehensive Security Model for Europe for the Twenty-First Century. In Lisbon Document 1996, Lisbon: OSCE, December 3,1996.Google Scholar
- Lomagin, N. (2015). Medvedev’s “fourteen points”: Russia’s proposal for a New European security architecture.Google Scholar
- Lukyanov, F. (2009). Rethinking security in “Greater Europe”. Russia in Global Affairs, 3, http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/n_13589. Accessed on January 27, 2018.
- McGoldrick, D. (1993). The development of the conference on security and co-operation in Europe—From process to institution”. In B. Jackson & D. McGoldrick (Eds.), Legal visions of a new Europe (pp. 135–182). London: Graham & Trotman/M. Nijhoff.Google Scholar
- Mötölä, K. (1995, February 21–25). Neonormativism and the OSCE: A commentary on the theory and practice of producing international security. Paper prepared at the 36th Annual ISA Convention, Chicago.Google Scholar
- National Security Bureau. (2007). National security strategy of the Republic of Poland. Warsaw: National Security Bureau.Google Scholar
- Pismo ministra inostrannykh del Rossiyskoy Federatsii A. V. Kozyreva ministru inostrannykh del Ispanskoy Respubliki, deystvuyushchemu predsedatelyu SBSE A. Martino, 23 iyunya 1994 g. [Letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation A. V. Kozyrev to the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Spanish Republic, the acting CSCE Chairman A. Martino]. Diplomaticheskiy Vestnik, No. 15–16, August 1994, p. 23.Google Scholar
- Sneek, T. (1994). The CSCE in the New Europe: From process to regional arrangement. Indiana International and Comparative Law Review, 5(1), 1–33.Google Scholar
- Stent, A. E. (2014). The limits of partnership: US—Russian relations in the twenty-first century. Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Szonyi, I. (1994). Institutionalization of the CSCE. Studia diplomatica, XLVII(4), 127–142.Google Scholar
- von Bredow, W. (1992). Der KSZE-Prozeß. Von der Zähmung zur Auflösung des Ost-West-Konflikts. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.Google Scholar
- Zięba, R. (2004). Instytucjonalizacja bezpieczeństwa europejskiego; koncepcje—struktury—funkcjonowanie. Warsaw: Scholar.Google Scholar
- Zlecone: Rezultaty szczytu OBWE: “Ku wspólnocie bezpieczeństwa”, PAP, 10.12.2010, http://zlecone.pap.com.pl/cp/en/news/info/2020,25,zlecone-rezultaty-szczytu-obwe-ku-wspolnocie-bezpieczenstwa-;jsessionid=4A6WZMyiVd0Jkvioun6Z4yXU.undefined. Accessed on January 27, 2018.