Anatomic Theories of Varicocele Origin

  • Neel ParekhEmail author
  • Edmund SabaneghJr.


Varicoceles are cited as the most common cause of male infertility worldwide, yet not all men with varicocele experience difficulty with fecundity. There is an abundance of research and literature regarding varicoceles, but there remains significant controversy regarding their development and pathophysiology. The purpose of this chapter will be to provide an overview of the basic anatomy of varicoceles and discuss theories that explain their etiology.


Infertility Pampiniform Plexus Varicocele Spermatic Vein Reactive Oxygen Species Oxidative Stress 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Executive Administration, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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