A Prospective Analysis of CO2 Emissions for Electric Vehicles and the Energy Sectors in China, France and the US (2010–2050)
Within the landscape of global warming and energy transition, many countries have announced nationally aligned contributions in reducing their CO2 emissions (COP21 and 22, in 2015 and 2016 respectively). With the aim of evaluating the maturing and the success of these targets, technology roadmaps are necessary and serve a twofold function in the evaluative process. They serve as points of comparisons between each other and they are yardsticks by which to measure change for the 2050 horizon.
In this chapter, technology roadmaps are studied for three representative countries: China, France and the United States of America. The roadmaps cover the sectors responsible for the greatest part of CO2 emissions, i.e. the power, transport, residence and industry sectors. They also cover the impact of the main technologies, i.e. carbon capture and storage, energy efficiency and electric vehicles. This chapter thus assesses the future of energy trends and especially shows that the deployment of electric vehicles shall prove crucial for reaching the commitments towards contributions at national levels.
KeywordsEnergy transition Technology roadmaps Sectoral emission modeling STIRPAT model Support vector regression
The authors wish to thank J.C. Bocquet and the LGI/CentraleSupélec members for constant supports and especially J. Liu for reviewing our regressions.
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